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Med any sensation or change in bodily function experienced by a patient that is associated with a particular disease
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an indication of a phenomenon, for example, of a disease. Many types of symptoms are distinguished in medicine. Constitutional symptoms characterize diseases of varying genesis and include weakness and increases in body temperature. Pathognomonic symptoms indicate a definite nosologic form; a stabbing pain in the epigastric region, for example, is typical of a perforating gastric ulcer. Subjective symptoms are only revealed upon questioning the individual, and objective symptoms are readily observable through examination, palpation, percussion, auscultation, and laboratory and instrumental diagnostic methods. Signal symptoms are the precursors of a disease. They include early symptoms, such as chest pains with pneumonia, and late symptoms, such as peritoneal irritation with cholecystitis.

A disease is said to be atypical if its characteristic symptoms are absent from the very beginning; an example of an atypical disease is the painless form of myocardial infarction. Modern therapeutic measures and protective inoculations can substantially alter the symptoms of a disease and even cause them to disappear. Diagnosis and prognosis are based on a knowledge of all of the symptoms of a disease.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A phenomenon of physical or mental disorder or disturbance which leads to complaints on the part of the patient.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
External HD often manifests with a pain associated with the thrombosis of hemorrhoids and a palpable mass in the anal area.1,2,4,11,13,17 In our patients, an anal mass was the most common presenting symptom, which was accompanied by itching, mucus discharge, and bleeding.
The present study shows that though fever was the most common presenting symptom while consulting.
Presenting Symptoms of Acute MI in Elderly Diabetics Frequency Percent 95% CI 95% CI Lower Upper Sweating 19 79.17% 57.85% 92.87% Chest Pain 18 75.00% 53.29% 90.23% Nausea 9 37.50% 18.80% 59.41% Breathlessness 7 29.17% 12.62% 51.09% Epigastric Pain 4 16.67% 4.74% 37.38% Fatigue 4 16.67% 4.74% 37.38% Table 2.
Conclusion: Most common presenting symptom was leucokoria followed by proptosis.
This study was conducted to document the spectrum of presenting symptoms, diagnostic investigations, treatment and outcome of severe malaria in the hospitalized children of a teaching hospital.
METHODS: We compared performance measures of hsc-TnT among patients admitted to the emergency department with typical chest pain (angina), dyspnea, and atypical symptoms and assessed outcomes by leading presenting symptoms.
Lymphoma is easily misdiagnosed as TB in HIV-positive patients because the presenting symptoms (fever, weight loss and night sweats) and signs (lymphadenopathy) are so similar.
age, sex, history of smoking and presenting symptoms were collected after the informed consent.
Congestion and cough were the most common presenting symptoms. The average duration of symptoms exceeded 8 weeks.
Once these issues are addressed, practitioners can then consider the sum of the presenting symptoms and treat them with homoeopathic remedies, if appropriate.
Looking at detailed notes on the case history, working with diet diaries and your presenting symptoms will give the practitioner a good idea of possible problem areas.
This conference, he said, aims to highlight these problems, educate providers on the presenting symptoms and the availability of treatment, as well as encourage a discussion of this problem so that women feel comfortable seeking care.