Presidential Commissions

Presidential Commissions

 

in the USA, auxiliary institutions created under the federal administration. Unlike various agencies and other bodies created by acts of Congress, the commissions are formed by the president, by virtue of his constitutional authority.

As a rule, the heads of presidential commissions are appointed by the president “with the advice and consent of the Senate.” A two-thirds majority of the Senate is required for confirmation of the president’s nominee. The practice of creating presidential commissions in the form of voluntary unpaid agencies that do not receive any funds from the federal budget but exist on funds from interested monopolistic companies is very widespread. Legally, presidential commissions are established by the delegation of individual powers of the president. There are administrative, semijudicial, informational, and investigative presidential commissions. Their activity receives practically no coordination or direction from the federal administration. Rather, they work in close contact with employers’ and other monopolistic organizations.

References in periodicals archive ?
The NIC Presidential Commissions are part of the conference's ongoing commitment to creating environments that foster the success of member fraternities while providing leadership to address the environmental and behavioral challenges that affect fraternity members and undergraduate students throughout North America.
This will be achieved by supporting the peaceful resolution of grievances in the South through the provision of technical assistance to two presidential Commissions on Land and Civil Service, and the enhancement of UN s monitoring and engagement capacity with political and social developments in the South.
Nazarbayev's March 1997 decrees slashed Kazhegeldin's government by 50% with seven ministries dissolved and set up four presidential commissions crippling the PM's main functions.
We obviously do not buy into this and we reasonably suspect that this is just another ploy to frustrate this whole process and eventually stifle it just as they did with all the other presidential commissions," he said.
Presidential commissions & national security; the politics of damage control.
Yet, surprisingly little has been written about a third set of institutions in the delegation universe: presidential commissions.
We must move beyond dialogues and presidential commissions and commit ourselves to the personal relationships, institutional transformations, and social and political policies that move us from soft multiculturalism to a racially pluralistic democracy.
As noted by two presidential commissions, the existing land-use regulatory regime constricts housing supplies, increases prices and encourages home developers to build on the urban fringe where land is cheaper and regulations less onerous.
Although federal advisory commissions with other mechanisms of appointment and reporting can have a profound effect on public policy - consider, for example, the National Commission, which was created by Congress and reported to the secretary of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare (now DHHS) - it is worth noting that thus far there have been very few presidential commissions in bioethics.
He also serves on various boards of not-for profit and for-profit organizations, has been active on several Presidential Commissions and served on a range of national political campaigns.
Brady served as Chairman of the Presidential Task Force on Market Mechanisms, as well as on a variety of other Presidential commissions, including: the Scowcroft Commission on Strategic Forces (1983); the Kissinger Commission on Central America (1983); and the Packard Commission on Defense Management (1985).
This article addresses these questions by asking more generally whether the success or failure of ad hoc presidential commissions involved in the political process is at all predictable.

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