in the USA, auxiliary institutions created under the federal administration. Unlike various agencies and other bodies created by acts of Congress, the commissions are formed by the president, by virtue of his constitutional authority.
As a rule, the heads of presidential commissions are appointed by the president “with the advice and consent of the Senate.” A two-thirds majority of the Senate is required for confirmation of the president’s nominee. The practice of creating presidential commissions in the form of voluntary unpaid agencies that do not receive any funds from the federal budget but exist on funds from interested monopolistic companies is very widespread. Legally, presidential commissions are established by the delegation of individual powers of the president. There are administrative, semijudicial, informational, and investigative presidential commissions. Their activity receives practically no coordination or direction from the federal administration. Rather, they work in close contact with employers’ and other monopolistic organizations.