Preston


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Preston,

city and district (1991 pop. 166,675), county seat of Lancashire, N England, on the Ribble River. Preston has an active port and is a center of cotton and rayon manufacturing. Some mills have closed, but work has been created in the areas of engineering, as well as aircraft, motor vehicle, industrial machinery, and electrical appliance production. A guild-merchant festival has been held in Preston every 20 years for more than four centuries. One of the oldest administrative regions in England, Preston has sent representatives to Parliament since the 13th cent. It was the scene of a victory by Oliver CromwellCromwell, Oliver
, 1599–1658, lord protector of England. Parliamentary General

The son of a gentry family, he entered Cambridge in 1616 but probably left the next year.
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 in 1648 and of the surrender of the Jacobites after the rising of 1715. The Gothic town hall was completed in 1867 from designs by George Gilbert ScottScott, Sir George Gilbert,
1811–78, English architect. Prominent in the Gothic revival, he designed many public structures. He also directed a vast amount of Gothic restoration work, beginning with renovations of Ely Cathedral (1847) and including Westminster Abbey (where
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. The Harris Museum and Art Gallery is a notable attraction. The city is the birthplace of Richard ArkwrightArkwright, Sir Richard,
1732–92, English inventor. His construction of a machine for spinning, the water frame, patented in 1769, was an early step in the Industrial Revolution.
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 and Francis ThompsonThompson, Francis,
1859–1907, English poet. His poetry, usually on religious subjects, is noted for its brilliant imagery and sonorous language. He was educated for the Roman Catholic priesthood at Ushaw College but in 1877 entered Owens College, Manchester, to study
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.

Preston

 

a city in Great Britain, in the county of Lancashire, northwestern England. Port in the estuary of the Ribble River, near the point where it flows into the Irish Sea. Population, 97,400 (1971). Important railroad junction. Preston is one of the major centers of the Lancashire textile industrial region, producing cotton, wool, and synthetic fabrics. Industries include airplane and locomotive construction, electrical engineering, leather footwear, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. Nearby, at Leyland, automobiles are manufacturered.

In the Preston area on Aug. 17, 1648, during the period of the second civil war in the English Bourgeois Revolution of the 17th century, a decisive battle took place between General O. Cromwell’s revolutionary army and the Anglo-Scottish royalists headed by the Duke of Hamilton and M. Langdale. Despite the numerical superiority of the enemy (more than 20,000 men against 9,000), Cromwell took advantage of the lack of coordination between the royalist detachments and used combined infantry-cavalry tactics to rout first Langdale’s English royalists and then Hamilton’s Scottish forces. During his pursuit of the royalist troops, which began on August 19, Cromwell completed the rout of their infantry. The outcome of the battle was the decisive factor in the revolutionary army’s total victory in the second civil war.

Preston

a city in NW England, administrative centre of Lancashire, on the River Ribble: developed as a weaving centre (17th--18th centuries); university (1992). Pop.: 184 836 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
While Bolton will hope to squeeze a few more goals out of Ameobi, Preston have the luxury of deciding whether or not to promote last season's top scorer Joe Garner from the subs bench.
The match appeared to be turning Stour's way when Preston had second row Reece Tomlinson yellow-carded and the hosts took advantage, winning a scrum against the head which resulted in scrum-half Toby Handley scrambling over for a try to put Stour 13-9 in front at half time.
If you take a walk around Preston Park there is a pathway that runs parallel with Yarm Road where a plaque informs us that this is the route of the original track of the Stockton and Darlington railway.
Mrs Preston, 49, begged the pupil to see her again after he left school, the panel was told.
Preston, seven, was horribly burned on Friday afternoon in the street near his Aberdeen home.
In the male T-20 Cricket championship, Bahria University, Islamabad and Preston University, Islamabad beat the teams of all the participating universities to reach the finals of the championship.
But in August 2013 he returned to the UK and police who were keeping Joseph Preston under surveillance were led straight to him.
Preston and Thomas has built and installed more than 11,000 ranges in fish and chip shops across the country since World War II.
Tim and I saw Carolina Colours as an excellent opportunity to rekindle our relationship with Ken Kirkman and begin another successful venture," says Julian "Bubba" Rawl, Preston Development Company.
Hero Preston, 42, shimmied up a drainpipe to save the toddler, who had climbed a ladder hidden at the back.
Chris Holroyd earlier struck a post for Preston with Grayson admitting the Terriers got what they deserved.
Users will be able to use this site to review the extensive list of site contracting services that Preston offers, including excavating and grading, paving and milling, underground utilities, concrete curb and flatwork, demolition, hauling and much more.