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city and district (1991 pop. 166,675), county seat of Lancashire, N England, on the Ribble River. Preston has an active port and is a center of cotton and rayon manufacturing. Some mills have closed, but work has been created in the areas of engineering, as well as aircraft, motor vehicle, industrial machinery, and electrical appliance production. A guild-merchant festival has been held in Preston every 20 years for more than four centuries. One of the oldest administrative regions in England, Preston has sent representatives to Parliament since the 13th cent. It was the scene of a victory by Oliver CromwellCromwell, Oliver
, 1599–1658, lord protector of England. Parliamentary General

The son of a gentry family, he entered Cambridge in 1616 but probably left the next year.
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 in 1648 and of the surrender of the Jacobites after the rising of 1715. The Gothic town hall was completed in 1867 from designs by George Gilbert ScottScott, Sir George Gilbert,
1811–78, English architect. Prominent in the Gothic revival, he designed many public structures. He also directed a vast amount of Gothic restoration work, beginning with renovations of Ely Cathedral (1847) and including Westminster Abbey (where
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. The Harris Museum and Art Gallery is a notable attraction. The city is the birthplace of Richard ArkwrightArkwright, Sir Richard,
1732–92, English inventor. His construction of a machine for spinning, the water frame, patented in 1769, was an early step in the Industrial Revolution.
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 and Francis ThompsonThompson, Francis,
1859–1907, English poet. His poetry, usually on religious subjects, is noted for its brilliant imagery and sonorous language. He was educated for the Roman Catholic priesthood at Ushaw College but in 1877 entered Owens College, Manchester, to study
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a city in Great Britain, in the county of Lancashire, northwestern England. Port in the estuary of the Ribble River, near the point where it flows into the Irish Sea. Population, 97,400 (1971). Important railroad junction. Preston is one of the major centers of the Lancashire textile industrial region, producing cotton, wool, and synthetic fabrics. Industries include airplane and locomotive construction, electrical engineering, leather footwear, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. Nearby, at Leyland, automobiles are manufacturered.

In the Preston area on Aug. 17, 1648, during the period of the second civil war in the English Bourgeois Revolution of the 17th century, a decisive battle took place between General O. Cromwell’s revolutionary army and the Anglo-Scottish royalists headed by the Duke of Hamilton and M. Langdale. Despite the numerical superiority of the enemy (more than 20,000 men against 9,000), Cromwell took advantage of the lack of coordination between the royalist detachments and used combined infantry-cavalry tactics to rout first Langdale’s English royalists and then Hamilton’s Scottish forces. During his pursuit of the royalist troops, which began on August 19, Cromwell completed the rout of their infantry. The outcome of the battle was the decisive factor in the revolutionary army’s total victory in the second civil war.


a city in NW England, administrative centre of Lancashire, on the River Ribble: developed as a weaving centre (17th--18th centuries); university (1992). Pop.: 184 836 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Printing Press Services International Ltd., Preston, England, has chosen Harland Simon as its partner in upgrading the Goss Colorliner presses at Britain's Trinity Mirror Printing in Newcastle Upon Tyne.
The retired accountant, married for 40 years, is now back in Preston, England.
Bremer reported his team's findings this week at the Royal Astronomical Society's annual National Astronomy Meeting in Preston, England. The group also describes its work in an upcoming Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.
Southwest Missouri State University Preston, England
following the sale late last year of Newall Measuring: Tube- and pipe-machine specialist AddisonMckee Inc., with factories in Wilmington, Ohio, and Preston, England. The B.
She added: "I'm planning on interviewing a lot of women that are friends of my mother in Preston, England but I would also like to hear from people all around the country.
Literal high-light of the Fishergate Shopping Centre in Preston, England is a 4.1 m diameter double ring made by Beta Lighting.
Preston, England, University of Central Lancashire Press, 1998.
PRESTON, ENGLAND - JULY 27: Joelinton of Newcastle United during a pre-season friendly match between Preston North End and Newcastle United at Deepdale on July 27, 2019 in Preston, England.
Join at TALE OF THE TAPE AWSONONONONONONONO USA ANDREW FLINTOFF Preston, England 34 6ft 4in 220lbs Freddie 0 wins, 0 losses, 0 draws RICHARD DAWSON Oklahoma, USA 23 6ft 2in 240lbs LuHawk 2 wins, 0 losses, 0 draws.
Now based at Goss the company's Durham, N.H., facility, Gallagher started his career with Goss Graphic Systems in 1985 in Preston, England. With extensive experience in press installations, project engineering, and project and service management, he had been field service manager for Goss newspaper and commercial presses in the United Kingdom and, most recently, was a project and installations manager for Goss commercial web presses in the United States.