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city and district (1991 pop. 166,675), county seat of Lancashire, N England, on the Ribble River. Preston has an active port and is a center of cotton and rayon manufacturing. Some mills have closed, but work has been created in the areas of engineering, as well as aircraft, motor vehicle, industrial machinery, and electrical appliance production. A guild-merchant festival has been held in Preston every 20 years for more than four centuries. One of the oldest administrative regions in England, Preston has sent representatives to Parliament since the 13th cent. It was the scene of a victory by Oliver CromwellCromwell, Oliver
, 1599–1658, lord protector of England. Parliamentary General

The son of a gentry family, he entered Cambridge in 1616 but probably left the next year.
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 in 1648 and of the surrender of the Jacobites after the rising of 1715. The Gothic town hall was completed in 1867 from designs by George Gilbert ScottScott, Sir George Gilbert,
1811–78, English architect. Prominent in the Gothic revival, he designed many public structures. He also directed a vast amount of Gothic restoration work, beginning with renovations of Ely Cathedral (1847) and including Westminster Abbey (where
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. The Harris Museum and Art Gallery is a notable attraction. The city is the birthplace of Richard ArkwrightArkwright, Sir Richard,
1732–92, English inventor. His construction of a machine for spinning, the water frame, patented in 1769, was an early step in the Industrial Revolution.
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 and Francis ThompsonThompson, Francis,
1859–1907, English poet. His poetry, usually on religious subjects, is noted for its brilliant imagery and sonorous language. He was educated for the Roman Catholic priesthood at Ushaw College but in 1877 entered Owens College, Manchester, to study
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a city in Great Britain, in the county of Lancashire, northwestern England. Port in the estuary of the Ribble River, near the point where it flows into the Irish Sea. Population, 97,400 (1971). Important railroad junction. Preston is one of the major centers of the Lancashire textile industrial region, producing cotton, wool, and synthetic fabrics. Industries include airplane and locomotive construction, electrical engineering, leather footwear, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. Nearby, at Leyland, automobiles are manufacturered.

In the Preston area on Aug. 17, 1648, during the period of the second civil war in the English Bourgeois Revolution of the 17th century, a decisive battle took place between General O. Cromwell’s revolutionary army and the Anglo-Scottish royalists headed by the Duke of Hamilton and M. Langdale. Despite the numerical superiority of the enemy (more than 20,000 men against 9,000), Cromwell took advantage of the lack of coordination between the royalist detachments and used combined infantry-cavalry tactics to rout first Langdale’s English royalists and then Hamilton’s Scottish forces. During his pursuit of the royalist troops, which began on August 19, Cromwell completed the rout of their infantry. The outcome of the battle was the decisive factor in the revolutionary army’s total victory in the second civil war.


a city in NW England, administrative centre of Lancashire, on the River Ribble: developed as a weaving centre (17th--18th centuries); university (1992). Pop.: 184 836 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Instead it's a unique collaboration between the Beeb and Preston Guild that mixes live performance with pre-recorded drama to offer an unusual but enthralling contemporary take on the story of the Passion.
The ceremony will take place at Preston Guild Hall on July 15.
Venues like the Darlington Civic and Preston Guild Hall are what it's all about."
Snooker: Crowd favourite Jimmy White is safely through to the last 16 of the Grand Prix ( but the Whirlwind needed a large slice of luck at Preston Guild Hall.
WORLD No.1 Ronnie O'Sullivan survived a potential banana skin to reach the second round of the Grand Prix at Preston Guild Hall yesterday.
The next of those comes on February 7 at Preston Guild Hall when Khan makes his senior ABA Championships debut in the Manchester area divisionals against Salford's Liam Dorian.
The cause of the Preston Guild Hall spectators' disappointment was that McCulloch's 5-4 victory came against crowd favourite Jimmy White.
SWANSEA cruiserweight prospect Enzo Maccarinelli is booked for his next outing at Preston Guild Hall on January 15.
Ryan Day set up a match with defending champion Stephen Lee by beating Ali Carter 5-3 in the LG Cup at Preston Guild Hall yesterday.
The former Irish Masters champion now meets Northern Ireland's Patrick Wallace for a place in the televised stage at Preston Guild Hall next month.
* A patchwork history of the women of Preston is quite literally being quilted and sewn up in an arts project called |Pieces of History', launched last year during the 1992 Preston Guild, and which celebrates its half-way mark on International Women's Day on March 8th with a special Stitch-In at the town's Miller Arcade.
Walden qualified for the tournament - which is running until Sunday, August 12 - by beating Northern Irishman Joe Swail 5-2 in a qualifying match held last month at the Preston Guild Hall.