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city and district (1991 pop. 166,675), county seat of Lancashire, N England, on the Ribble River. Preston has an active port and is a center of cotton and rayon manufacturing. Some mills have closed, but work has been created in the areas of engineering, as well as aircraft, motor vehicle, industrial machinery, and electrical appliance production. A guild-merchant festival has been held in Preston every 20 years for more than four centuries. One of the oldest administrative regions in England, Preston has sent representatives to Parliament since the 13th cent. It was the scene of a victory by Oliver CromwellCromwell, Oliver
, 1599–1658, lord protector of England. Parliamentary General

The son of a gentry family, he entered Cambridge in 1616 but probably left the next year.
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 in 1648 and of the surrender of the Jacobites after the rising of 1715. The Gothic town hall was completed in 1867 from designs by George Gilbert ScottScott, Sir George Gilbert,
1811–78, English architect. Prominent in the Gothic revival, he designed many public structures. He also directed a vast amount of Gothic restoration work, beginning with renovations of Ely Cathedral (1847) and including Westminster Abbey (where
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. The Harris Museum and Art Gallery is a notable attraction. The city is the birthplace of Richard ArkwrightArkwright, Sir Richard,
1732–92, English inventor. His construction of a machine for spinning, the water frame, patented in 1769, was an early step in the Industrial Revolution.
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 and Francis ThompsonThompson, Francis,
1859–1907, English poet. His poetry, usually on religious subjects, is noted for its brilliant imagery and sonorous language. He was educated for the Roman Catholic priesthood at Ushaw College but in 1877 entered Owens College, Manchester, to study
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Great Britain, in the county of Lancashire, northwestern England. Port in the estuary of the Ribble River, near the point where it flows into the Irish Sea. Population, 97,400 (1971). Important railroad junction. Preston is one of the major centers of the Lancashire textile industrial region, producing cotton, wool, and synthetic fabrics. Industries include airplane and locomotive construction, electrical engineering, leather footwear, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. Nearby, at Leyland, automobiles are manufacturered.

In the Preston area on Aug. 17, 1648, during the period of the second civil war in the English Bourgeois Revolution of the 17th century, a decisive battle took place between General O. Cromwell’s revolutionary army and the Anglo-Scottish royalists headed by the Duke of Hamilton and M. Langdale. Despite the numerical superiority of the enemy (more than 20,000 men against 9,000), Cromwell took advantage of the lack of coordination between the royalist detachments and used combined infantry-cavalry tactics to rout first Langdale’s English royalists and then Hamilton’s Scottish forces. During his pursuit of the royalist troops, which began on August 19, Cromwell completed the rout of their infantry. The outcome of the battle was the decisive factor in the revolutionary army’s total victory in the second civil war.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a city in NW England, administrative centre of Lancashire, on the River Ribble: developed as a weaving centre (17th--18th centuries); university (1992). Pop.: 184 836 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Prestonian Mohammad Taqi Jawad of Preston University-Kohat, Islamabad campus outclassed his counterparts from other participating universities of the country in both first and second rounds of the contest and did reach the finals.
University congratulated Prestonian Mohammad Taqi Jawad on his outstanding performance and
There is no longer a running together of hierarchized causes: "all the help that the creature doth receive," Crisp announced in defiance of the conditional covenant, "may appear to be of free grace of God merely, without the creatures concurrence in it." (78) Crisp cut away not only the Prestonian "readinesse" that issues in deeds, but also the concurrent resources themselves that the Spirit readies for action.
(80) He dissevered from its place in the order of salvation the preparatory tuition of the schoolmasterly law, and he had no palate for the Prestonian coincidence of the newly "fashioned" heart and the convert's incipient willingness to "keepe" Christ's "Lawes." He accented the salience of sin, homing in on its problematizing of assurance of salvation.
For this second task Hammond advises use of the reflex act of faith--faith reflecting on and approving itself to itself--that was a staple of Perkinsian practitioners and their Prestonian successors in the 1620s.
and then thou mayest be sure thou wert predestinated to believe, and then all the decrees in the world cannot deny thee Christ if thou art thus resolved to have him." This affirmation rings true to Prestonian prescript.
resolved to have Him." He warns the ungodly that "if thou will not believe, thou hast reprobated thyself." (46) The if in these passages is functional for Hammond insofar as it serves the ends of self-analysis, but it is not put forward hypothetically, as so often in Prestonian scripts.
Jones, "`Free' in `Freemason' and the Idea of Freedom Through Six Centuries," in The Collected Prestonian Lectures, 1925-1960 (London: Lewis Masonic, 1983),
It will include awarding degrees in various disciplines/programs while medals including Patron, Rector and sponsor medals on the basis of outstanding academic performance will also be awarded to the Prestonians. The Convocation will be attended by the Honorable Governor Sindh, Mr.
Any famous Prestonians we didn't mention last time?
I have always been very proud of my roots and am excited about seeing as many Prestonians as possible.