Premature Birth

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Premature Birth

 

the premature ending of pregnancy, the birth of a premature infant. According to various statistics, 2.5 to 5–6 percent of all births are premature. There are various causes of premature birth. Some are associated with the fetus, and others with the mother. The causes include congenital defects in the development of the ovum, hydramnios, anomalies of placental attachment, improper fetal position, gestoses, previous abortions, multiple pregnancy, chronic and acute infections (brucellosis, toxoplasmosis, listeriosis, influenza, tonsillitis, viral hepatitis), inflammatory processes of the sexual organs, neoplasms, infantilism, and muscular insufficiency of the upper uterine cervix. Neuroendocrine disorders (ovarian and thyroid functional disturbances, diabetes) can also cause premature birth. Women with diseases of the kidneys, liver, and cardiovascular and nervous systems often give birth prematurely.

Conservative treatment is directed toward removing the basic causes of the premature birth. Surgery is required when there is muscular insufficiency of the upper uterine cervix. Treatment is administered before and during pregnancy. Preventive and therapeutic measures are directed toward detecting and removing the basic causes of premature birth. Such measures consist primarily of prenatal care of both the mother and fetus.

REFERENCES

Persianinov, L. S. “Profilaktika i lechenie pri nedonashivanii beremennosti.” In Zhenskaia konsul’tatsiia, 2nd ed. Minsk, 1962.
Konstantinov, V. I. “Nedonashivanie i perenashivanie beremennosti.” In Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po akusherstvu i ginekologii, vol. 3, book 1. Moscow, 1964.
Bodiazhina, V. I., A. I. Liubimova, and I. S. Rozovskii. Privychnyi vykidysh. Moscow, 1973.

O. K. NIKONCHIK

References in periodicals archive ?
This study showed that the treatment of asymptomatic abnormal vaginal flora in a low-risk population reduced the rate of spontaneous preterm delivery, which was 18.
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Cervical length and funneling at 23 weeks of gestation in the prediction of spontaneous early preterm delivery.
The researchers concluded that the regular intake of artificially sweetened soft drinks may be associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery and warrants further attention.
The prevalence of preterm delivery and LBW was 17% and 14%, respectively.
The results of this recent study are disturbing, as it suggests that we may not have effective tools to prevent the significant, lifelong morbidity associated with extremely preterm delivery.
There was no observable connection between having an abortion and having a subsequent very preterm delivery that is due to high blood pressure, a common cause of prematurity.
Maternal serum interleukin-6 concentration as a marker for impending preterm delivery.
Investigators could not draw any links between the type of LEEP performed or the depth of the procedure, and future preterm delivery.
Before the twenty-first week of gestation, every pregnant woman - especially those who are at high risk for preterm delivery - should be taught the easy technique of self-monitoring for subtle preterm contractions.
Disease severity in women with rheumatoid arthritis, measured early in pregnancy, is predictive of preterm delivery," noted Dr.
level of education, living conditions, income, weight, physical activity, smoking habits, alcohol consumption, number of children and medical factors such as history of preterm delivery.