preventive medicine

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Related to Preventative treatment: prophylactic, prophylaxis

preventive medicine,

branch of medicinemedicine,
the science and art of treating and preventing disease. History of Medicine
Ancient Times

Prehistoric skulls found in Europe and South America indicate that Neolithic man was already able to trephine, or remove disks of bone from, the skull
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 dealing with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of good health practices. Until recently preventive medicine was largely the domain of the U.S. Public Health Service or state and local health departments, but it has become an important consideration of health maintenance organizationshealth maintenance organization
(HMO), type of prepaid medical service in which members pay a monthly or yearly fee for all health care, including hospitalization. The term "health maintenance organization" was coined by a health policy analyst, Dr.
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, private practitioners, and other health care providers. Preventive medicine encompasses such activities as research into causes of disease; vaccinationvaccination,
means of producing immunity against pathogens, such as viruses and bacteria, by the introduction of live, killed, or altered antigens that stimulate the body to produce antibodies against more dangerous forms.
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 against those diseases for which the causes are known, e.g., poliomyelitis, influenza, and measles; studies of environmental deterrents to health; and instruction in public health and hygiene. See also eugenicseugenics
, study of human genetics and of methods to improve the inherited characteristics, physical and mental, of the human race. Efforts to improve the human race through bettering housing facilities and other environmental conditions are known as euthenics.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Even though emergency care should already be available to all, preventative treatment is just as important here as in any other form of healthcare.
We hope that a clinical trial could lead to a preventative treatment as simple as tea time.
Two-thirds of African women receive some antenatal care, but only 10 percent get preventative treatment for malaria and only 1 percent of HIV-positive mothers get the treatment necessary to prevent transmission of the disease to their newborns.
The rate of children developing fever and other symptoms confirmed to be flu was reduced from 17% in the group receiving no preventative treatment to 3% in the group that received Tamiflu as a preventative measure.
Research has demonstrated that the hormone peptide oxytocin inhibits the growth of breast cancer cells, suggesting its potential role as a preventative treatment for breast cancer.
This may be a true difference or may reflect a different level of diagnosis and preventative treatment of presumptive infections.
Official recommendations for the preventative treatment, known as post-exposure prophylaxis, had been reserved for health care workers accidentally exposed on the job.
If the problem is diagnosed early, preventative treatment can be initiated.
The policy prohibited outside treatment for keloids without the existence of collateral symptoms, and prohibited preventative treatment for the keloid formation.
These same groups estimate that 14 million will be afflicted by the middle of the century unless a cure or preventative treatment is found.
TORONTO -- Ninety-four out of 105 babies who may have been exposed to tuberculosis at the Hospital for Sick Children were put on preventative treatment in April.
There are two reasons why early preventative treatment - normally with anti-inflammatory drugs - can prevent symptoms later.