Preventive Medicine, Physical

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Preventive Medicine, Physical


the prevention of disease by natural and artificial physical means. In a broad sense, it includes methods that protect persons from harmful environmental factors and that create optimum conditions for living, working, and rest. These methods include conditioning and purifying air and staying in prophylactic centers, houses of rest, and sanatoriums.

Other methods of physical preventive medicine include hardening the body by exposure to sunlight, ultraviolet rays, and infrared rays in solaria at industrial plants and schools, as well as by means of swimming, physical culture, and massage. Methods of physical preventive medicine are also used to prevent postoperative complications and the recurrence of disease; they include ultrasonic radiation, inhalation therapy, aeroionotherapy, drug electrophoresis, and hydrotherapy.


Bezapparatnaia fizioterapiia ifizioprofilaktika: [Sb. st.]. Minsk, 1952.
Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo po provedeniiu fizioterapevticheskikh protsedur, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Following introductory chapters on the keeping of exotic pets and preparation of a veterinary hospital for treating animals from invertebrates to wild bird and mammals, contributors discuss breeds commonly kept as pets, their anatomy and physiology, husbandry, restraint, nutritional needs, preventive medicine, physical examination for common diseases, diagnostic testing, treatments, regulations, and the prevention of zoonoses, transmission of diseases to humans.
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