care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
Those numbers are almost matched by adults aged 18-64 years, whose visits to office-based physicians were 40% chronic problems, 25% new problems, 18% preventive care, 10% injuries, and 6% pre- or postsurgery care.
Preventive care such as health screenings, shots, and lab tests can help prevent chronic disease and ultimately lead to savings in health care costs.
Yet obtaining reliable evidence on the cost-effectiveness of preventive care is tricky.
To that end, Cassell added that, "it is important for Cigna to continue building awareness within the Hispanic community, to motivate individuals to take action to better understand and control their health, by focusing on preventive care and developing a relationship with their physician.
According to the partnership, the preventive medicine is becoming a cornerstone of practice for general veterinary clinics, making it increasingly important for veterinary professionals to understand the benefit diagnostic testing can have on preventive care and keeping pets healthy.
One recommendation was expanding the definition of preventive care: "Veterinarians say that preventive care includes vaccines, neutering and parasite control.
NACDS emphasized that community pharmacists are trained and educated to provide comprehensive chronic medication management, health screenings, preventive care and pharmacogenomics counseling.
Coverage of preventive care services aims to reduce the amount of undiagnosed or untreated conditions.
In their study, recognizing HMOs' variations in the forms and operating mechanisms, Xiao and Savage used consumers' experience with HMOs to distinguish multiform HMOs (Medicaid HMOs and private HMOs in their study) and examined their consumer-friendly characteristics in relationship to consumers' utilization of preventive care services.
But the report also makes an economic argument for preventive care, highlighting the possibility of reducing healthcare spending -- which in 2011 reached $2.
The authors hypothesized that preventive care delivery would be similar across the three physician groups, Dr.
Until recently, rather than emphasizing preventive care, Medicare concentrated on treating conditions and diseases that recipients were already suffering from.

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