Pribilof Islands


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Pribilof Islands

(prĭb`ĭlŏf'), group of four volcanic islands, off SW Alaska in the Bering Sea, c.230 mi (370 km) N of the Aleutian Islands; explored and named in 1786 by Gerasim Pribilof, a Russian navigator. The larger islands, St. Paul and St. George, are famous as the breeding place of the Alaska fur seal. The islands, part of the 1867 U.S. purchase of Alaska, became a seal reservation in 1868; they are administered by the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries. Prior to 1911, competition and ruthless hunting methods threatened extinction of the seals. At that time, the United States, Great Britain, Japan, and Russia entered into the North Pacific Sealing Convention, giving the United States the right to enforce the provisions of the convention (see Bering Sea Fur-Seal Controversy under Bering SeaBering Sea,
c.878,000 sq mi (2,274,020 sq km), northward extension of the Pacific Ocean between Siberia and Alaska. It is screened from the Pacific proper by the Aleutian Islands. The Bering Strait connects it with the Arctic Ocean.
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). Japan withdrew from the convention in 1941. Under protection, the seal herd has greatly increased. Blue and white foxes are native to the islands. The Aleuts, brought to the islands in the late 1700s by the Russians, make a living by processing the seal and fox furs.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pribilof Islands

 

a group of islands in the Bering Sea that belongs to the state of Alaska. Area, approximately 200 sq km. Maximum elevation, 300 m. The islands are rocky and are covered with meadow-tundra vegetation; they are a breeding ground for fur seals. The island had a population of more than 600 persons in 1970. The fur trade is the main industry. The Pribilof Islands were discovered by G. L. Pribylov in 1788.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tufted puffins comprised 87% of this total, or 40-100% of the Pribilof Islands' population, making it highly likely that affected birds originated from colonies throughout the Bering Sea.
Foraging habitats based on the diet of female northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus) on the Pribilof Islands, Alaska.
The Pribilof Islands are also non-breeding wintering sites for the Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens), the most abundant large-bodied Larus in the Northeastern Pacific (Hayward and Verbeek 2008), and one of the few larids that performs large migratory movements (Hatch and others 2011).
Unbaited 0.6 cm mesh minnow traps were set at lakes and streams during May in 2002 and May-September in 2006 - 2010 at 13 islands in the Aleutians and at two islands in the Pribilof Islands (Fig.
This harvest, which takes place primarily in Bristol Bay and the Aleutian and Pribilof Islands, represents about 25% of the total seabird egg harvest and about 1% of the total seabird harvest in Alaska (Wohl et al, 2008).
* 4 The Pribilof Islands are a group of four volcanic islands off the coast of the mainland of which US state?
The majority of fur seals breed on the Pribilof Islands in the Bering Sea, and a small breeding population occurs on Bogoslof Island (NMFS, 2007).
In this paper, I will look at some general features of coordination in Unangam Tunuu (Aleut), and specifically, the variety spoken on the Pribilof Islands off the coast of Alaska and north of the Aleutian Chain.
Before the storm; a year in the Pribilof Islands, 1941-1942.
The launch of the invasion produced some ludicrous events, beginning on June 5, when the Americans' first six B-17s in Alaska, which had been shelled by their own anti-aircraft batteries upon arrival, bombed the abandoned Pribilof Islands, thinking they were a Japanese fleet.
In 1912, the Washington Post declared Alaska to be "more dependent on Congress than any other part of the United States outside of the District of Columbia." University of Alaska historian Terrence Cole has estimated that with the exception of two decades in the nineteenth century (when the Treasury spent little in the territory and reaped considerable revenues off the fur seal harvest in the Pribilof Islands) and a few years in the late 1970s and early '80s (when high oil prices exploded Alaska's state coffers), Alaska has always cost the federal government money.