For example, in 1648, in what was known as Pride's Purge
, 231 members of the Long Parliament were prevented by Cromwellians from taking their seats.
FIRST DAY BACCHANALIA (ROMAN) 1660: England's Long Parliament was dissolved after sitting for 20 years - at least technically, although after Pride's Purge
of 1648 it had been replaced by bodies under the thumb of the New Model Army and Oliver Cromwell's Protectorate.
He was among the first Puritans to advocate armed rebellion against King Charles I, to justify Pride's Purge
and the execution of the king, and to call for the establishment of a republican system of government in England.
As late as December 1648, he was still hoping that a trial would lead to the king's abdication in favor of his son, but then the events surrounding Pride's Purge
"took on a momentum of their own, and Cromwell found that a flash flood required him to shoot the rapids" (32).
It also gave England's civilian political order a much-needed shot in the arm by restoring some of the civic sheen so badly tarnished in the tumultuous opening scene of the Commonwealth, the military coup of early December 1648 known as Pride's Purge
Ireton was also a key figure in the radicalization of the army during the second Civil War of 1648, which led to Pride's Purge
of Parliament and a new, hard-line attitude toward Charles I as demonstrated in Ireton's own manifesto for regicide, The Remonstrance.
December 2nd, 1848 Emperor Ferdinand of Austria abdicates in favour of his nephew Franz Joseph December 6th, 1648 Pride's Purge
of the House of Commons December 15th, 1948 Alger Hiss is indicted for perjury in the United States December 19th, 1848 Emily Bronte dies at Haworth, aged 30 December 23rd, 1948 Execution of Hideki Tojo and five others as war criminals