Primary Metal

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Primary Metal

 

a metal that is obtained from a natural source, such as an ore. Primary metals are distinguished from secondary metals which are obtained from industrial wastes and scrap. For example, the metallurgical industry produces primary and secondary aluminums.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Release date- 22082019 - The Aluminum Stewardship Initiative (ASI) today announced that aluminum produced at five plants in Hydro's Primary Metal business area is now certified according to the industry-leading standards of responsibility and sustainability.
Japan is Asia's biggest importer of aluminum and the premiums, which consumers pay to producers on top of the London Metal Exchange cash price for primary metal shipments, set the benchmark for the region.
Commenting on Alba's Sales volume and Production for Q1 2017, Alba's Chief Executive Officer, Tim Murray said: "We are pleased to finish the first quarter of 2017 with this strong volume momentum in our Sales and Production We were able to step-up our performance thanks to our plant reliability, integrated marketing approach and most importantly our people who aim to exceed the Company set-targets." Other than primary metal Value-Added (VA) sales also jumped to 56% in this quarter versus 52% in Q1 2016.
In addition to primary metal production, the process technology more efficiently recovers metals from waste recycle streams.
The rest is largely aluminium alloy with a very small amount in the form of primary metal, the stuff that's traded on the London Metal Exchange.
It is an example of our commitment to our customers at a time when manufacturers are using more and more aluminium to reduce the environmental footprint of their products," said Etienne Jacques, chief operating officer, Rio Tinto Alcan, Primary Metal North America.
There have always been suspicions that some of those product exports may not be quite what they appear, given the incentive to transform primary metal just enough for it to quality for a tax rebate as a product rather than be hit by the export tax.
Gerard is the second largest producer of stone coated metal roofing materials in the US, with its portfolio including seven primary metal profiles, Headwaters said.
Aluminium Bahrain (Alba) produced in 2011 some 881,310 tonnes of primary metal. It is looking at adding 400,000 tonnes to annual capacity.
The group's Qatalum smelter, a 50/50 joint venture with Qatar Petroleum, reached full production over the quarter and contributed with NOK23m to the underlying EBIT of the primary metal division.
The author, who has been a professor of aerospace engineering and also a vice president of manufacturing technology R&D for an aerospace manufacturer, divides his subject into four parts, each devoted to a primary metal shaping process: Molding and casting, particulate processing, deformation processes, and metal removal processes.
Until April 2009, he headed Primary Metal's technology area, and before joining Qatalumlooked after the company's international smelter portfolio.

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