Hyperparathyroidism

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Related to Primary hyperparathyroidism: Secondary hyperparathyroidism

hyperparathyroidism

[‚hī·pər‚par·ə′thī‚rȯid‚iz·əm]
(medicine)
Condition caused by increased functioning of the parathyroid glands.

Hyperparathyroidism

 

a disease caused by excessive production of the hormone of the parathyroid glands, usually occurring as the result of adenoma of those glands.

An excess of parathyroid hormone mobilizes the calcium in the bones, raises its level in the blood and lowers the level of phosphorus, and raises the quantity of calcium and phosphorus in the urine (which is then discharged). Softening and deformation of the bones is the result of this process, making possible spontaneous fracture or fracture caused by minimal injury. Visceropathic forms of hyperparathyroidism are characterized by calcium deposits in the internal organs. The most widespread is the renal form (formation of calculi in the kidneys and urinary tracts). The cause of formation of adenomas in the parathyroid glands is not known. Hyperparathyroidism is more commonly found in women. Treatment involves removal of the tumor; orthopedic treatment is necessary when the disease affects the bones, and removal of the calculi is necessary in nephrolithiasis.

L. M. GOL’BER

References in periodicals archive ?
It is important to have a high index of suspicion to diagnose primary hyperparathyroidism and avoid delaying management of the patients.
The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and the American Association of Endocrine Surgeons position statement on the diagnosis and management of primary hyperparathyroidism.
Recurrent and persistence primary hyperparathyroidism occurs more frequently in patients with double adenomas.
1 Specific clinical symptoms of primary hyperparathyroidism include pathological changes of the digestive, nervous, skeletal and urinary systems and skin, which may be misdiagnosed as rheumatic and rheumatoid arthritis.
A systematic review of the diagnosis and treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism from 1995 to 2003," Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery, vol.
Reviewing the literature, we found that anemia and marrow fibrosis are often found in patients with neglected primary hyperparathyroidism and both improved after successful parathyroidectomy.
The issue of the relationship between primary hyperparathyroidism and pancreatitis and its mechanism needs to be clearly resolved.
Preoperative localization of parathyroid tissue in primary hyperparathyroidism.
We present this patients to accentuate the prominence of early diagnosis and treatment of an acute hypercalcemic syndrome as a result of primary hyperparathyroidism as a significance of an undiagnosed adenoma of the parathyroid gland.
That's roughly 100-fold greater than the prevalence of primary hyperparathyroidism in the general population, noted Dr.
It may also present as a psychiatric manifestation of an endocrine disorder such as Primary Hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) (1, 2).

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