Prime Coats

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Prime Coats


materials that form the undercoats of paint and varnish coverings. The principal purpose of the prime coats is to provide durable adhesion between the outer (covering) layers and the surface being painted. In addition, they may perform other functions, including the protection of metal from corrosion, the enhancing of wood grains, and the covering of pores and other defects of the surface being painted. Prime coats are made from natural or synthetic, liquid or solid film-forming substances—drying oils and al-kyd. urea-formaldehyde, and epoxy resins. The hard film-forming materials are used in the form of concentrated solutions and dispersions in organic solvents or water. Many prime coats contain pigments (iron oxide, red lead, or zinc chromate) and sometimes fillers (talc, mica, or chalk).

Prime coats are applied with a putty knife or by spraying. The thickness of prime coats is 10–100 microns (0.01-0. 1 mm). Dried prime-coated surface is covered by paint or lacquer.


Beliaeva. K. P., T. V. Todorova, and N. G. Shtan’ko. Lakokra-sochnye materialy dlia otdelki izdelii iz dereva. Moscow, 1971.
Spravochnik po lakokrasochnym pokrytiiam, 2nd ed. Edited by M. M. Goldberg. Moscow. 1974.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
After the drying process, each mold should be checked for damaged parts, such as broken gates of joints of buckled of spalled prime coats, and further investigated to what causes damage.
To achieve optimal mold cavities for casting, the wax assembly should not allow wax to be trapped when the mold is dewaxed There should be no sharp edges, undercuts, bubbles, negatives or rough surfaces that could form sharp or weak features in the prime coat. Weak areas are likely to break off during dewax or when the metal enters the mold.
For each dip applied, the slurry application should be uniform, and each prime coat should be examined for each mold and all subsequent coats.
The primary cause of scabbing is delamination of the prime coats and the backup dips.
Prime coat buckling defects usually occur on flat surfaces as an island of surplus metal, and normally have hairline fins associated with them, usually at a casting's edges.
Environmental Conditions - Temperature and humidity fluctuations in the dip and drying area, after prime coat application, cause expansion differentials between the wax and the slurry dip.
Uneven Prime Coat Thickness - The drying rates of thick and thin coatings differ.