Hideki Tojo

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Tojo, Hideki

(hēdā`kē tō`jō), 1884–1948, Japanese general and statesman. He became prime minister after he forced Konoye's resignation in Oct., 1941. His accession marked the final triumph of the military faction which advocated war with the United States and Great Britain. As the most powerful leader in the government during World War II, he approved the attack on Pearl Harbor and pushed the Japanese offensive in China, SE Asia, and the Pacific. His military coordination with Nazi Germany was weakened by mutual mistrust and divergent Russian policies. At home, the Japanese government asserted totalitarian control. Tojo resigned in July, 1944, after the loss of Saipan in the Marianas. In Apr., 1945, he recommended that the war be fought to a finish. He attempted suicide in Sept., 1945, but he was arrested by the Allies as a war criminal, tried, convicted, and executed.

Bibliography

See R. J. C. Butow, Tojo and the Coming of the War (1961).

References in periodicals archive ?
Togo, former director general of the European and Oceanic Affairs Bureau at the ministry, is a grandson of Shigenori Togo, who served in the Cabinet of Prime Minister Tojo as foreign minister from October 1941 to August the following year.
Wartime Prime Minister Tojo Hideki and Hirohito had similarities, which have been overlooked; they both were determined to preserve the imperial institution.
The following year, after the fall of Saipan to the Americans and the resignation of Prime Minister Tojo Hideki in Tokyo, Phibun himself was replaced by the ingratiating Khuang Aphaiwong and by a new dual diplomacy.

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