primitive society

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primitive society

the least internally differentiated, and earliest, form(s) of human societies. As one of a number of terms (e.g. SIMPLE SOCIETY or SAVAGERY) also used to refer to such societies, the use of’primitive society’ suggests an elementary or basic level of technological and social organizational complexity. Theorists such as Levy-Bruhl (1923) have also proposed ‘pre-logical’ forms of primitive mentality associated with such levels of technological and social organization.

Notwithstanding the sympathetic and non-judgemental way that the term ‘primitive society’ has often been employed, the pejorative connotations of it have tended to lead to the use of alternative terms such as simple society, TRIBAL SOCIETY or NONLITERATE SOCIETY. However, none of these alternatives is able to entirely escape derogatory overtones. These arise from the basic cultural assumptions of modern societies in which modern society is seen as a superior form. The only solution is to continue to work towards accounts of premodern societies which do not automatically adopt such assumptions but explore the qualities of these forms of society in an open-ended way see also EVOLUTIONARY THEORY.

References in periodicals archive ?
They are depicted as inhuman people who have primitive culture. However, this task is given to the native informer who "plays a key role in making the inversion of fact by fantasy appear logical" (Dabashi, 2011, p.
The Kalash people known for their primitive culture and ways of life formally began the festivities by sprinkling milk on the deity placed in the place of worship and holding the ceremony of chhirpiyak (offering of milk).
Addressing the concluding ceremony of Lehri festival here, he said 'Jammu and Kashmir State is known for its primitive culture and traditions and supreme values'.
KARACHI -- The primitive culture and tribal systems are major reasons for violence against women in the country.
Looking in turn at contexts and debates and Tylor beyond the canon, they consider such topics as the debate between Tylor and Andrew Lang over the theory of primitive monotheism: implications for contemporary studies of indigenous religions, theorizing from the 19th to the 20th centuries about myth in Britain and Germany: Tylor versus Blumenberg, Tylor as ethnographer, necromancy as a religion: Tylor's discussion of spiritualism in Primitive Culture and in his diary, and deconstructing the survival in Primitive Culture: from memes to dreams and bricolage.
Bijlmer's attempt, in collaboration with Dutch environmentalists, to establish a reserve for the protection of 'native tribes and their primitive culture' in the New Guinea highlands recalls Schar's description of the Sarasin cousins' endeavors to preserve both nature and 'primitive' peoples in Switzerland from extinction (p.
Prior to the 1970s, traditional Aboriginal creative expression was primarily of interest only to anthropologists, as examples of primitive culture (Morphy 1998:22).
Frankly, this is dangerous and represents a mindset of a former, primitive culture. To me, comparatively, it's on par with using a pager in place of a cell phone.
The approach stays true to Shakespeare in abstracting the action from any specific time period, but the actors will wear fairly contemporary clothing (actors in Shakespeare's time wore the clothing of their era, says Epstein) that suggests a primitive culture.
Until then, there is no hope for nation building when aspiring national leaders bent on ideology of primitive culture of traditional revenge killings--a culture that perpetuate the cycle of violence.
This debate had been occasioned by Peter Winch's 1964 essay, 'Understanding a primitive culture', in which he was critical of Evans-Pritchard's own critique of Azande handling of culpability in witchcraft accusations as overlooking the obvious logical inference from their basic premises.
A man from a primitive culture who sees an automobile might guess that it was powered by the wind or by an antelope hidden under the car, but when he opens up the hood and sees the engine he immediately realizes that it was designed.