Primo de Rivera, José Antonio

Primo de Rivera, José Antonio

Primo de Rivera, José Antonio (prēˈmō ᵺā rēvāˈrä), 1903–36, Spanish political leader, son of Miguel Primo de Rivera. Founder (1933) of the Falange, the Spanish fascist party, José Antonio was executed (Nov., 1936) by the Loyalists after the outbreak of the Spanish civil war. He became a right-wing martyr and was celebrated by Francisco Franco's Nationalist Movement.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Primo de Rivera, José Antonio

 

(J. A. Primo de Rivera y Saenz de Heredia). Born Apr. 24, 1903, in Madrid; died Nov. 20, 1936, in Alicante. Spanish politician and lawyer. Son of M. Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja.

On Oct. 29, 1933, Primo de Rivera founded the fascist party of the Falange Española. He was a delegate to the Cortes that was elected in November 1933. In March 1936 he was arrested by order of the government of M. Azaña y Díez in connection with the Falange’s terrorist activities. While in prison, Primo de Rivera supported an alliance with the military circles that were preparing an armed uprising against the Republic. He was executed by firing squad in accordance with a sentence passed by a Republican court.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.