Primo de Rivera, José Antonio

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Primo de Rivera, José Antonio

(prē`mō thā rēvā`rä), 1903–36, Spanish political leader, son of Miguel Primo de Rivera. Founder (1933) of the FalangeFalange
[Span.,=phalanx], Spanish political party, founded in 1933 as Falange Española by José António Primo de Rivera, son of the former Spanish dictator.
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, the Spanish fascist party, José Antonio was executed (Nov., 1936) by the Loyalists after the outbreak of the Spanish civil warSpanish civil war,
1936–39, conflict in which the conservative and traditionalist forces in Spain rose against and finally overthrew the second Spanish republic. The Second Republic
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. He became a right-wing martyr and was celebrated by Francisco FrancoFranco, Francisco
, 1892–1975, Spanish general and caudillo [leader]. He became a general at the age of 32 after commanding the Spanish Foreign Legion in Morocco.
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's Nationalist Movement.

Primo de Rivera, José Antonio

 

(J. A. Primo de Rivera y Saenz de Heredia). Born Apr. 24, 1903, in Madrid; died Nov. 20, 1936, in Alicante. Spanish politician and lawyer. Son of M. Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja.

On Oct. 29, 1933, Primo de Rivera founded the fascist party of the Falange Española. He was a delegate to the Cortes that was elected in November 1933. In March 1936 he was arrested by order of the government of M. Azaña y Díez in connection with the Falange’s terrorist activities. While in prison, Primo de Rivera supported an alliance with the military circles that were preparing an armed uprising against the Republic. He was executed by firing squad in accordance with a sentence passed by a Republican court.