Primula

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Primula

(prĭm`yələ): see primroseprimrose,
common name for the genus Primula of the Primulaceae, a family of low perennial herbs with species found on all continents, most frequently in north temperate regions.
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Primula

 

(primroses), a genus of plants of the family Primulaceae. The plants are perennial scapose herbs. The leaves develop in a basal rosette. The flowers, which are regular and pentamerous, are yellow, pink, or red. The inflorescences are umbellate; less commonly, the flowers are solitary. The calyx is campanulate or tubular, and the corolla is tubular with a funnelform or rotate blade. The fruit is a capsule.

There are about 500 species of primrose, distributed throughout the world. Most are encountered in temperate zones and in alpine regions. There are about 70 species in the USSR. The cowslip (P. veris), an early-spring plant measuring 10–30 cm tall, has wrinkled leaves and bright yellow flowers. It grows practically everywhere in the European USSR in dry meadows, along forest edges, and in open forests. P. macrocalyx is found in the European part of the Soviet Union (chiefly in southern regions), in the Caucasus, and in southern Siberia. The roots of both species, which contain saponins, essential oils, and glycosides, are used as expectorants. The flowers and leaves are used in the production of alcoholic drinks. The leaves contain large amounts of vitamins and saponins and are used to treat avitaminosis and other vitamin deficiencies. Several species, including the two mentioned above, are nectariferous. A number of species are ornamentals, including P. vulgaris and the oxlip (P. elatior).

REFERENCE

Fedorov, A. A. “Pervotsvet— Primula L.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 18. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952.
Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

primula

any primulaceous plant of the N temperate genus Primula, having white, yellow, pink, or purple funnel-shaped flowers with five spreading petals: includes the primrose, oxlip, cowslip, and polyanthus
References in periodicals archive ?
Many of us will have seen the vast drifts of candelabra primulas that cover so many damp Scottish gardens in June.
Probably a hybrid with Primula juliae, a tough little alpine primrose, it has a robust constitution and goes on for years without attention.
Expert tip: Candelabra primulas come with brilliant orange or yellow, red, pink, white and even dark maroon flowers, so mix them up and grow en masse.
the primula oboconia Pictures: GARDEN PICTURE LIBRARY/THE FLOWERS & PLANTS ASSOCIATION/GAP
Think pink and cram containers with mixed bellis daisies, primula Wanda, ranunculus Accolade and trailing tails of variegated ivy.
You're a keen gardener and you've been potting up lots of primula plants.
Chiltern seeds list a variety of Primula malacoides in mixed colours; the compact bushy plants are covered with dense clusters of open flowers just above the foliage, in various shades of red, rose, lavender and white.
Or if you love the wild primrose, Primula vulgaris, try it with puschkinia, sci llas or chionodoxa and anemone nemoro sa, our Or if you love the wild primrose, Primula vulgaris, try it with puschkinia, sci llas or chionodoxa and anemone nemoro sa, our native wood anemone.
Whilst I was putting things in order, my mother and my young daughter were both in the garden, re-potting and filling old baskets and pots with lovely colourful primulas to be placed around the yard at a later date.
Primulas grow in any reasonable garden soil with plenty of added organic matter and like partial shade.
8 Lift and divide any primulas that have finished flowering, such as primula denticulata or Wanda.
PLANT OF THE WEEK - Primula COMMON primroses, as primulas are also known, are among the first wild flowers to come out in spring, providing a carpet of