Kropotkin

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Kropotkin

Prince Peter, Russian name Pyotr Alexeyevich. 1842--1921, Russian anarchist: his books include Mutual Aid (1902) and Modern Science and Anarchism (1903)

Kropotkin

 

(until 1930, Tikhono-Zadonskii), an urban-type settlement in Irkutsk Oblast, RSFSR. Located on the Patom Upland, 135 km northeast of the city of Bodaibo. Gold is mined there. It was renamed in honor of P. A. Kropotkin.


Kropotkin

 

(until 1921, Romanovskii Khutor), a city in Krasnodar Krai, RSFSR. Located on the right bank of the Kuban’ River; a railroad junction (Kavakazskaia station) at the intersection of the Rostov-on-Don-Baku line and the Krasnodar-Stavropol’ line. Population, 70,000 (1972, compared to 27,-000 in 1926 and 42,000 in 1939).

Kropotkin arose in the late 19th century, first as a transportation junction and then as a trade and transportation center. It is now a center of the food-processing industry in Krasnodar Krai, with an oil-extraction mill, a fruit and vegetable cannery, a dairy plant, a brewery, a meat combine, and a flour-milling combine. The chemical, building-materials, and machine-building industries are being developed. Other industries include a chemical plant, a household-chemicals factory, plants producing reinforced-concrete structural elements, the SpetselevatormeF-mash Plant (producing grain elevators and flour-milling equipment), and a woodworking-machinery plant. Kropotkin has an evening technicum for rail transport and a medical school. The city was renamed in honor of P. A. Kropotkin.


Kropotkin

 

a mountain range in the south of Patom Upland, in the northeastern part of Irkutsk Oblast, RSFSR. It separates the watersheds of the Bol’shoi Patom and Zhuia rivers from that of the Vitim (all in the Lena basin). Maximum elevation, 1,647 m (Korolenko Bald Peak). The range is composed of Proterozoic crystalline schists. It is dissected by wide river valleys; the peaks of the range are flattened. The pine-larch taiga of the slopes is replaced on the peaks by mountain tundra and dwarf cedar thickets. The range was named after P. A. Kropotkin.

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