Souvanna Phouma

(redirected from Prince Souvanna Phouma)

Souvanna Phouma

 

Born Oct. 7, 1901, in Luang Prabang. Laotian political figure. Prince.

Souvanna Phouma was prime minister in the government of the kingdom of Laos three times: 1951–54, 1956–58, and 1960–62. After the conclusion of the Geneva Agreements of 1954, he sought a political settlement in Laos by way of an agreement with the patriotic forces of the Free Lao Front (Neo Lao Issara), which was succeeded in 1956 by the Patriotic Front of Laos (Neo Lao Hak Sat). In 1962, Souvanna Phouma became prime minister of the provisional coalition government, the government of national unity, which signed the Geneva Agreements of 1962 on Laos. The coalition fell apart in 1963–64, and Souvanna Phouma became prime minister of the king’s government in the Vientiane zone. His negotiations in 1972–73 with the Patriotic Front of Laos resulted in the Vientiane Agreement on Restoring Peace and Achieving National Concord, signed on Feb. 21, 1973, and the protocol to the agreement, signed on Sept. 14, 1973. From April 1974 to December 1975, Souvanna Phouma headed a provisional government of national unity. In December 1975 he became an adviser to the prime minister of the People’s Democratic Republic of Laos.

K. IUR’EV

References in periodicals archive ?
Things soon went from bad to worse when members of the right-wing initiated a coup and arrested neutralist Prime Minister Prince Souvanna Phouma. Leonard Unger, the U.S.
Certainly American leaders were quite unwilling to appreciate the most sophisticated Lao they met, Prince Souvanna Phouma, or to make a realistic assessment of his policies.
Elections were held in 1955, and the first coalition government, led by Prince Souvanna Phouma, was formed in 1957.

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