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a term used in historiography to designate the form of monarchy that developed in ancient Rome during the early imperial period (27 B.C. to A.D. 193). Under the principate, certain republican institutions were retained in form and the emperor was called the princeps.

The principate system first took form during the reign of Augustus, whose authority was based on a combination of various magistracies. Augustus and his successors held the office of princeps senatus and exercised both military power and the supreme civilian authority, since they held the powers of a people’s tribune for life. The republican system continued to exist nominally, with the Senate, the comitia, or popular assemblies, and the magistracies, except for the censors. But these institutions lost their previous political importance, since they were controlled by the princeps. Real power was held by the imperial bureaucratic machinery, whose staff continuously grew and whose sphere of activity expanded.


Mashkin, N. A. Printsipat Avgusta. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Utchenko, S. L. Krizis i padenie Rimskoi respubliki. Moscow, 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
After an overview of the Roman feast, he discusses the development of public feasting: from Greece to Rome, public feasting in Rome: the Principate, banquets and benefactors in the Roman West, and banquets and beneficiaries in the Roman West.
Those enthusiastically engaged in the project of empire presented their monuments within a cosmology that allowed for the triumph of mankind over natura, while Lucretius preemptively provided a template for problematizing conceptions of Roma aeterna under the principate.
42) Then for all its emphasis on free will and freedom of speech, (43) which may itself have been a vexing issue when the Principate was established, the Epicurean school became quite dogmatic, with Athens taking the lead in policing Epicurean orthodoxy, and sometime in the first century the Athenian school accepted the rule that its president had to have Roman citizenship, even if a Greek by birth.
Kaldellis admits that Christian teaching supported the Byzantines' republican commitment to the common good, and he judges Christian Byzantium more republican than the two previous phases of the republic--the Principate and the Dominate.
Bingham's references provide a helpful guide, too, to the vast bibliography on imperial figures and the nature of the Roman army under the principate and beyond.
The community of office-holders had transformed themselves into courtiers and Baker succinctly demonstrates that the creation of the Medici principate was completed with the support of the office-holders of Florence.
1990), Between Republic and Empire: Interpretations of Augustus and His Principate, Berkeley.
Egon Flaig's "Habilitationsschrift" about usurpation in the early Principate (FLAIG 1992) attempts to analyze political history as the history of praxis and focuses on the significance of symbols and rituals.
He presents examples from the period from 70 BC to AD 200 and beyond that shows the changes in the exercise of civic patronage as Rome emerged from the civil wars of the Late Republic and became a Principate.
lt;< Mommsen and Syme : Law and Power in the Principate of Augustus >> in BRE, 1990, pp.
Eder, Walter (1993): <<Augustus and the Power of Tradition: The Augustan Principate as Binding Link between Republic and Empire[mucho mayor que], en Raaflaub & Toher, 1993.
Graham presents some pertinent arguments regarding the Flavian period and Hadrian's principate, which provide a necessary corrective to some earlier views, and these chapters are among the most developed.