Priscillian

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Priscillian

(prĭsĭl`yən), d. 385?, Spanish churchman, bishop of Ávila. His appointment to the bishopric was protested by orthodox leaders, who had condemned his former activities as a lay preacher in S Spain, at the Synod of Zaragoza (380). Although Priscillian's ideas were repeatedly denounced, it is not clear that they were heretical. He was suspected of Manichaean and Gnostic leanings because he stressed puristic ideals, sought perfection in asceticism, and dabbled in astrology. The church had been attacking his views for some time when Roman Emperor Maximus ordered that Priscillian be put to death for practicing magic. His execution was strongly protested by his former opponents in the church, St. Ambrose, St. Martin, and the pope. After his death Priscillian was venerated as martyr and saint, and his followers grew. Not until after a council held at Braga (563?) finally condemned Priscillianism did it disappear from Spain.
References in periodicals archive ?
V: <<Si quis animas humanas vel angelos ex Del credit substantia extitisse, sicut Manicheus et Priscillianus dixit, anatema sit>>, Vives, p.
VII: <<Si quis dicit diabolum non fuisse prius angelum a Deo facturo nec Dei opificium fuisse naturam eius, sed dicit eum ex (chao) et tenebris emersisse, nec aliquem sui habere auctorem, sed ipsum esse principium atque substantiam mali, sicut Manicheus et Priscillianus dixerunt, anathema sit>>.
A questi l'inserimento nella gerarchia ecclesiastica offriva garanzie maggiori di avanzamento ed influenza sociale di quanto non facesse l'istituzione statale, ne e esempio Priscillianus (14), familia nobilis, praedives opibus (15), eletto vescovo, nel 380 d.C., nella citta di Avila in Hispania Carthaginensis, e Ossius (16), di famiglia abbiente (17), vescovo di Corduba in Baetica, nel 300 d.C.