Prithvi Narayan Shah


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Prithvi Narayan Shah

 

Born 1723; died 1775. Became king of Nepal in 1769.

From 1742 to 1769, Prithvi Narayan Shah ruled the principality of Gorkha in western Nepal. During this time he subjugated the other principalities in the Katmandu Valley and annexed the territories east of the valley as far as Sikkim. In 1769 he transferred his capital to Katmandu and founded the Shah dynasty of Nepal. Prithvi Narayan Shah played an important role in the formation of a unified Nepalese state. He opposed rapprochement with the British East India Company, refusing to trade with it or to permit British goods to pass through Nepal.

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This came some months after a statue of Prithvi Narayan Shah was installed in the very area which saw the barbaric destruction of the existing statue of the founder of the nation following the 2006 political changes.
The event also had the dramatic representation of the unification story of Nepal led by then King Prithvi Narayan Shah, who took the initiative to unify Nepal as one.
This holiday, also known as Rashtriya Prajatantra Divas in Nepalese, honors the late King Prithvi Narayan Shah, The Great who led the people in ousting the Rana Dynasty in 1951.
Although Capuchin missionaries entered the Kathmandu valley in the early 1700s, the founder of Nepal, King Prithvi Narayan Shah, expelled them in 1769.
Some of its most successful leaders who dramatically transformed Nepal and the Nepali society - Prithvi Narayan Shah, Jung Bahadur Rana and King Mahendra - have always been, and will remain for a long time, a role model for future leadership.
17 -- "A yam caught between two rocks" is how Nepal's unifier Prithvi Narayan Shah had described his kingdom in the 18th century while highlighting its status as a small nation surrounded by bigger neighbours-China in north and India towards south.
On June 11, 2008, Gyanendra left the palace for a hunting lodge on Kathmandu s outskirts, marking the final end to a royal lineage founded by his warrior ancestor Prithvi Narayan Shah, who conquered dozens of small kingdoms in the 18th century.
But this was Kathmandu, and historical experience demonstrates that no popular uprising can succeed without the participation of its Newars, a group whose deep resentment against the state since the capture of the Valley by Prithvi Narayan Shah lies latent under the hard shell of cultivated impassiveness and hostility to all those who seek to mobilise them.
The modern state was formed with the Unification of Nepal by Prithvi Narayan Shah on December 21, 1768.
Nepal's dynastic rule of the Shah clan started after warrior King Prithvi Narayan Shah conquered Kathmandu in 1768.
The fortunes of the royal family have gone steadily downhill since Prithvi Narayan Shah, the first in the Shah line who is credited with creating modern Nepal out of a patchwork of small Himalayan valley fiefdoms 240 years ago.
A ritual friendship had been established between Ranajit's son Viranarasimha Malla and Prithvi Narayan Shah while both of them were Crown Princes of their respected kingdoms, Bhaktapur and Gorakha.