soldier

(redirected from Private soldier)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.

soldier

1. a low-ranking member of the Mafia or other organized crime ring
2. Zoology
a. an individual in a colony of social insects, esp ants, that has powerful jaws adapted for defending the colony, crushing large food particles, etc.
b. (as modifier): soldier ant

soldier

A brick laid vertically with the longer, narrow face exposed. See also: Brick

soldier

a serving member of an army. In its original sense the term meant a ‘hired man’, reflecting the fact that in premodern states, with some exceptions (e.g. Roman), rather than being conscripted to a citizen army, soldiers were recruited to the personal service of rulers or warlords on a more ad hoc basis. Compare STANDING ARMY.

Soldier

 

(1) An enlisted man.

(2) In the broad sense, a warrior, a military man, or a military veteran.

(3) In the figurative sense, a person who has devoted himself to a cause, for example, a soldier of the revolution.

The term “soldier” originally meant a mercenary warrior who was paid for his service; it appeared in Italy in the 15th century and later gained currency in Western Europe. In Russia, the term (soldat) appeared in the 17th century with the formation of infantry regiments of the new order, modeled on Western European armies. In the regular Russian Army beginning in the 18th century, a recruit received the rank of soldier after a specified time of service. Serfs conscripted under the system of compulsory service recruitment (18th and first half of the 19th century) were emancipated and passed into the soldiers’ estate (soldatskoe soslovie), which included the soldiers’ wives and children.

After the abolition of serfdom in 1861 and the introduction of the compulsory military service system in 1874, the soldiers’ estate ceased to exist, and personnel of the lower ranks—from private to acting officer—were no longer officially called soldiers; the term “soldier” was retained only in the expression “new soldier” (molodoi soldat) to designate recruits who had not yet completed the program of basic training.

After the February Revolution of 1917, the designation “lower rank” was replaced with the rank of soldier in accord with the March 5 order of the military authority. Withthe formation of the Red Army, low-ranking enlisted men were given the rank of krasnoarmeets (“Red Army soldier”) beginning in January 1918. In July 1946 the category of soldier, which included the ranks of private and private first class, was introduced in the Soviet armed forces (seeMILITARY RANKS).

A. G. KAVTARADZE

soldier

soldier, 1
1. A brick that is laid on end, i.e., positioned vertically with its narrower face showing on the wall surface; compare with sailor.
2. Same as soldier pile.

soldier pile, soldier

1. In excavation work, a vertical member which takes the side thrust from horizontal sheeting or from walings and which is supported by struts across the excavation.
2. A vertical member used to prevent the movement of formwork; is held in place by struts, bolts, or wires.
References in periodicals archive ?
He said: "Henry Tandey will always be remembered as the most decorated private soldier of the First World War who, with one squeeze of the trigger, might have prevented the Second World War.
In Route Irish, he turns his attention to the use of private soldiers in Iraq, which hit the headlines in 2007 when the American firm Blackwater Security killed 17 civilians in Baghdad.
A commissioned officer leaves his office and starts to walk across a vehicle park, intending to walk past a small group of private soldiers and a lance corporal who have been working on a vehicle but are now relaxing during a short break.
Private soldier Carl lost several close friends during his bloody baptism of fire in the war-torn country, including Jay Barnes, who was killed near the Kajaki Dam when a roadside bomb ripped through his vehicle.
At the whim of the Israeli government or commanding officer or private soldier, entry/exit points are closed for hours, days, weeks or months.
John Burnett, searching for working-class autobiography, and Malcolm Brown in quest of stories of the private soldier in the First World War, for example, both advertised for people to come forward with diaries, letters or autobiographies of relatives and forebears, most of which came from private archives in people's homes.
At the time of its adoption, Article 47 was significant because it broke from the prior legal approach to mercenaries, which was to condition the legality of mercenary activity on the existence of an agency relationship between the private soldier and his state sponsor.
However, even during the early years of his marriage, Childers began aggressively pursuing a role as a military writer and commentator for which, as a civilian with brief war experience as a private soldier, Piper finds him unqualified.
McAuslan, the world's dirtiest soldier, is an accident prone private soldier, or Jock, in a Highland regiment.
Greene's exhaustive research presents an insider's view of the VI Corps from points of view ranging from the private soldier to the commanding general.
This court was to be especially concerned with the behavior of "all the estates in which one carries a sword, from prince to private soldier.
Allied Commander Marshal Ferdinand Foch called York's feat "the greatest thing accomplished by any private soldier of all the armies of Europe.

Full browser ?