Thaumetopoeidae

(redirected from Processionary Caterpillar)
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Thaumetopoeidae

 

a family of moths. The wingspread is 3 to 4 cm. The wings are gray or yellowish gray with dark stripes, and the body is covered with fine hairs. The caterpillars live in large groups and move from one place to another in single file; they feed on the leaves of woody plants. The hairs on the caterpillars are poisonous; when they come in contact with a human’s skin or his respiratory tract they cause an inflammation. The Thaumetopoeidae pupate in oval cocoons.

The family has one genus that includes nine species, which are distributed in Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, and India. The USSR, in its southwestern European section, has two species: Thaumetopoea processionea, which is harmful to oak foliage, and T. pinivora, which is harmful to pine needles.

References in periodicals archive ?
Miranda, "Occupational immunologic contact urticaria from pine processionary caterpillar (Thaumetopoea pityocampa): experience in 30 cases, " Contact Dermatitis, vol.
Armentia et al., "Allergy to the pine processionary caterpillar (Thaumetopoea pityocampa)" Clinical and Experimental Allergy, vol.
Gonzalez-Mancebo, "Adverse reactions to the processionary caterpillar: irritant or allergic mechanism?" Contact Dermatitis, vol.
Novak, "Thaumetopoein: an urticating protein from the hairs and integument of the pine processionary caterpillar (Thaumetopoea pityocampa Schiff., Lepidoptera, Thaumetopoeideae), " Toxicon, vol.
Fernaendez, "Pine processionary caterpillar as a new cause of immunologic contact urticaria, " Contact Dermatitis, vol.
Caballero, "Pine processionary caterpillar allergenicity increases during larval development, " International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, vol.
"The processionary caterpillars in the surrounding trees give off these toxic hairs, which can cause really uncomfortable rashes and even affect breathing.
Hairs from oak processionary caterpillars can cause severe reactions, making warning signs necessary