Thaumetopoeidae

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Thaumetopoeidae

 

a family of moths. The wingspread is 3 to 4 cm. The wings are gray or yellowish gray with dark stripes, and the body is covered with fine hairs. The caterpillars live in large groups and move from one place to another in single file; they feed on the leaves of woody plants. The hairs on the caterpillars are poisonous; when they come in contact with a human’s skin or his respiratory tract they cause an inflammation. The Thaumetopoeidae pupate in oval cocoons.

The family has one genus that includes nine species, which are distributed in Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, and India. The USSR, in its southwestern European section, has two species: Thaumetopoea processionea, which is harmful to oak foliage, and T. pinivora, which is harmful to pine needles.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Oak Processionary Moth (OPM) contractor will be required to manage OPM within the Councils highways, parks and open spaces, woodlands, allotments and closed cemeteries.
Oak processionary moths (OPM), while in their larval stage at this time of the year, can cause itching skin rashes and eye irritations, sore throats, breathing difficulties and allergic reactions in people and animals.
BKASSINE, Lebanon: The pine processionary moth invaded Lebanon's largest and most striking pine tree reservation, threatening its well-being and possibly its very existence.
Netherer et al., "Expansion of geographic range in the pine processionary moth caused by increased winter temperatures, " Ecological Applications, vol.
"Acute Oak Decline and Oak Processionary Moth are just two of the pests and diseases currently affecting Britain's most iconic tree," said Mr Paterson.
Un o'r rhai sy'n effeithio coed ydi ymdeithiwr y derw (Thaumetopoea processionea; Oak processionary moth).
BVC of Gosport has been helping to combat the serious health hazard caused by the caterpillars of the Oak Processionary moth. The caterpillars are covered with thousands of tiny hairs which are extremely toxic causing severe skin rashes and possible breathing problems.
Experts are concerned that the oak processionary moth could take hold in Richmond Park, which is home to 40,000 oak trees over 2,500 acres.
The pine processionary moth, or Thaumetopoea pityocampa, is one of the most destructive pine pests in the Mediterranean region, according to Forestry officials.
Nests built by the Oak Processionary Moth, which can set off severe allergic reactions and irritate the lungs, eyes and skin, have been found at the Royal Botanical Gardens.