For example, nouns are lenited after certain proclitics
, as shown in (2), but not after others, as shown in (3).
This scenario gives some formal substance to the steps by which ne evolves historically from an unreduced initial constituent (22) via a syntactically meaningful proclitic
(23), and a syntactically meaningless proclitic
(24) to ultimate disappearance.
86), as evident in spellings of the proclitic
prepositions and conjunctions, the definite article, demonstrative pronoun and relative complementizer, the object marker, and some nouns (pp.
Just as the /H/ of the proclitic
/ne=/ did not trigger Meeussen's Rule in (47b), the mapping of boundary tones in (51) allows us to establish a criterion for distinguishing toneless proclitics
It should be pointed out that if we lurch through (52) we lose: entirely any sense we might have of the unusual combination in one line of what linguists call proclitic
and enclitic phrases - the adjective and noun that in one case occupy a weak and then a strong position, and later a strong and then a weak position.
Although Dalabon is basically polysynthetic, the situation is rendered more complex grammatically by the existence of coexisting alternatives at the left edge of the word, through the three alternative possibilities of representing object pronominals by prefix, proclitic
or independent pronoun; the rather subtle factors governing the choice between these alternations are discussed in Section 4.
The ms and fs have proclitic
and independent forms in the singular that are used interchangeably.
The use of the negation proclitic
va(r) on the possessive verb negates the presence of the entity, as is illustrated by the following example.
The preformatives and sufformatives on the QTL and YQTL verb forms appear as proclitic
and enclitic personal pronouns in the section on the pronoun.
'r may also be found in formal registers, for instance at the start of a line of poetry, in order to maintain the meter:
12 [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], but this is rather the plene spelled proclitic
The determinative pronoun is "a proclitic
, uninflected for number, gender and case" (103).