Yet, having been kept under these conditions for about a year or so, voiceless Philomela literally weaves her tale by embroidering the past year scene by scene onto a cloth; even though she is tongueless, she finds a way of delivering her message to her sister Procne
. Chaucer ends the tale with the two sisters uniting and warns his audience to be wary of men.
The first example, from classical literature, is the story of Procne
and Philomela from Ovid's Metamorphosis 6, which Dante recalls in the form of a bird ("uccel"):
"Raving" is applied to the Bacchantes or Maenads, whose name means "raving ones." Procne
first appears in Ovid's tale dressed as the Bacchantes' queen, "in all the dress / of frenzy," spear over her shoulder, draped in vines and deer hide.
Unlike Philomela and Procne
, who enact their own vengeance against Tereus, Lucretia adheres, as best that she still can, to the gender dynamics of Roman patriarchy: she enacts violence on her own body, but leaves public vengeance to those men who witness her suicide.
Petrarch's sonnet 310 positions "pianger Filomena" ["weeping Philomena"] and "garrir Procne
" ["chattering Procne
"] (3), (34) as harbingers of spring, invoking the section from Ovid's Metamorphoses in which sisters are transformed into a nightingale and a swallow after wreaking vengeance on Tereus, who betrayed one by raping the other and cutting out her tongue in a failed effort to keep the act secret.
She too graduated with a BA (Hons) in June after playing Dani in Cementville and Juno and Procne
in Tales From Ovid.As Plumpkin Theatre Company, the duo first performed at the Art University Bournemouth's Studio Theatre.
(1) Unlike the painting of Europa (1,1) and that of Philomela and Procne
albeolus, rosefin shiner Lythrurus ardens, swallowtail shiner Notropis procne
, rosyface shiner N.
This is the most brutally violent tale in all of Metamorphoses, the story of Tereus, Procne
, and Philomela.
De Montalk also skillfully--and without taking sides--plays with elements taken from different layers of Western "collective consciousness," among them ideas of the Orient as a world with "other" values, beliefs, traditions, and "truths"; historical data on the Crimean Khanate and on the Russian Empire's southward expansion in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; biographical information on Pushkin's Southern "exile" and his writing of The Fountain of Bakhchisarai in the period between 1821 and 1823; and material taken from Ovid's Metamorphoses, in particular the story of Philomela and Procne
, from Aristotle's Poetics, and from the works of Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Balkhi ("Rumi"), Nikolai Karamzin, and the Polish king Jan Sobieski.