Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Proconsul: Dryopithecus, Sivapithecus


extinct group of apes. Proconsul fossils have been discovered in E Africa. It had a mixture of apeape,
any primate of the superfamily Hominoidea, which includes humans; this article, however, focuses on the nonhuman apes. The small apes, the gibbons and the siamang, and the orangutans, which belong to the great apes, are found in SE Asia.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Old World monkeymonkey,
any of a large and varied group of mammals of the primate order. The term monkey includes all primates that do not belong to the categories human, ape, or prosimian; however, monkeys do have certain common features.
..... Click the link for more information.
 characteristics, and lived from 23 to 25 million years ago.


in ancient Rome, governor of a province. He was in sole charge of the army, of justice, and of administration in his province and could not be prosecuted for maladministration until his office expired. In modern times the title has sometimes been used for a colonial governor with far-reaching powers.


See W. M. Jashemski, The Origin and History of the Proconsular and the Propraetorian Imperium to 27 B.C. (1950).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an official state position in ancient Rome. Proconsuls originally carried out military orders outside Rome, but with the formation of the Roman provinces they exercised juridical, administrative, and military authority within the provinces. Beginning in 27 B.C., they governed primarily in the senatorial provinces. Proconsuls were customarily given powers for one year.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Augustus separated Cyprus from Egypt and made it a senatorial province, governed by a proconsul. By the beginning of the first century AD, Cyprus was already becoming a political backwater in the Roman Empire.
For example: Roman marriage laws highlight why Augustine's concubine had to be dismissed (19-20); and the lack of Catholic assurance of triumph in the Donatist controversy is illumined by the fact that Carthage still had a pagan proconsul on the eve of the 411 conference that was called to condemn Donatists as heretics (113).
John Townsend paints the picture of Britain's global empire and brings Cox to life as an archetypal patrician proconsul. This biography is based on extensive research in original sources and long experience in the region.
Ambitious, vain, and alternatively scheming, defiant, and compliant when dealing with his superiors, he was lionized as military hero during World War II, praised as proconsul in postwar Japan, and condemned as insubordinate challenger to civilian authority during the Korean War.
Frank considers the next five years, when MacArthur ruled as virtual proconsul of Japan, his finest hour.
Likewise, few could construe a civilian JIACOM leader as a provocative proconsul.
The second is the revision of the Amercian Proconsul Paul Bremer's law on dissolving the Baath Party and banning the former Baathists' from joining all government institutions and bodies.
4 on the number of senior figures who were proconsul in Hispania Ulterior in the last two decades of this century, and the table below.