raccoon

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Related to Procyon lotor: raccoon, Northern Raccoon

raccoon,

nocturnal New World mammal of the genus Procyon. The common raccoon of North America, Procyon lotor, also called coon, is found from S Canada to South America, except in parts of the Rocky Mts. and in deserts. It has a stocky, heavily furred body, a pointed face, handlike forepaws, and a bushy tail. It is 1 1-2 to 2 1-2 ft (46–76 cm) long, excluding the 8 to 12 in. (20–30 cm) tail, with mixed gray, brown, and black hair, a black face mask, and black rings on the tail. It lives mostly in wooded areas and usually feeds along lakes and streams. A good climber, it often nests in a hollow tree or climbs aloft for refuge. It has a highly omnivorous diet, including nuts, seeds, fruits, eggs, insects, frogs, and crayfish. When water is available it may dip its food before eating; this so-called washing is associated with behaviors used for location and capture of aquatic prey, such as crayfish and frogs. Raccoons do not hibernate but sleep through cold spells in their dens. Their metabolism is normal during these periods and they wake easily. Adult males are usually solitary; females and young live in family groups. Raccoons have proved highly adaptable to civilization and are found even in large cities, where they feed on garbage. They are a minor nuisance in fields and gardens, but are valuable as destroyers of insects; their durable fur is used for coats and trimmings. The crab-eating raccoon, P. cancrivorus, is a semiaquatic, reddish-colored South American species. Other species are found on Caribbean islands. The raccoon family also includes the New World coatimundicoatimundi
or coati
, omnivore of North and South America related to the raccoon. The coatimundi has a long snout, an elongated body, and a long bushy tail banded with dark rings. The coat color varies from yellowish brown or reddish brown to black.
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, cacomistlecacomistle
, small New World mammal, genus Bassaricus, related to the raccoon. There are two species, one found in Mexico and the SW United States, the other in Central America. The North American cacomistle, B.
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 (ring-tailed cat), and kinkajoukinkajou
, nocturnal, arboreal mammal, Potos flavus, found from Mexico to Brazil and related to the raccoon. It has a long, slender body with soft, short, woolly hair of any of various shades of brown or yellow.
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. Raccoons are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, family Procyonidae.

raccoon

[ra′kün]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of 16 species of carnivorous nocturnal mammals belonging to the family Procyonidae; all are arboreal or semiarboreal and have a bushy, long ringed tail.

raccoon

, racoon
1. any omnivorous mammal of the genus Procyon, esp P. lotor (North American raccoon), inhabiting forests of North and Central America and the Caribbean: family Procyonidae, order Carnivora (carnivores). Raccoons have a pointed muzzle, long tail, and greyish-black fur with black bands around the tail and across the face
2. the fur of the North American raccoon
References in periodicals archive ?
Geographic variation in helminth parasites from the digestive tract of Tennessee raccoons, Procyon lotor.
7 - Procyon lotor (raccoon) - - Vulpes vulpes (red fox) - - Cingulata Dasypus novemcinctus (nine-banded armadillo) 0.
x] [+ or -] SD) Metazoa 98 Insecta (Formicidae) 2 Reptilia (Colubridae) 2 Trace Aves 34 4 [+ or -] 13 Cathartidae 34 4 [+ or -] 13 Meleagris gallipavo 2 Mammalia 98 96 [+ or -] 14 Odocoileus virginianus 42 30 [+ or -] 44 Procyon lotor 37 32 [+ or -] 45 Didelphis virginiana 18 17 [+ or -] 37 Mephitis mephitis 15 13 [+ or -] 33 Felis catus 3 2 [+ or -] 13 Scalopus aquaticus 2 0 Sciurus niger 2 2 [+ or -] 13 Sylvilagus floridanus 2 1 [+ or -] 6 Plantae 85 Poaceae 37 Unknown 29 Quercus leaves 15 Thatch 3 Juniperus virginiana 2 Leaf litter 2 Unidentified twig 2 Unidentified seeds 2 Non-biological material 11 Soil 6 Plastic 6 Polystyrene 2 Paper bag 2
Host species tested for Anaplasma phagocytophiluum reservoir competence, southeastern New York, USA, 2008-2010 * Host species Common name Mammals Blarina brevicauda Northern short-tailed shrew Didelphis virginiana Virginia opossum Glaucomys volans Southern flying squirrel Mephitis mephitis Striped skunk Peromyscus leucopus White-footed mouse Procyon lotor Raccoon Sciurus carolinensis Eastern gray squirrel Sorex cinereus Masked shrew Tamias striatus Eastern chipmunk Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Eastern red squirrel Birds Catharus fuscescens Veery Dumetella carolinensis Gray catbird Hylocichla mustelina Wood thrush Turdus migratorius American robin No.
Key words: Baylisascaris procyonis, canine distemper virus, disease, latrine, parasite, Procyon lotor, raccoon, southern Illinois
ASSOCIATION OF SELECTED HABITAT VARIABLES TO CAPTURE SUCCESS OF RACCOONS PROCYON LOTOR, VIRGINIA OPOSSUMS DIDELPHIS VIRGINIANA, AND STRIPED SKUNKS MEPHITIS MEPHITIS.