Production Operation

Production Operation

 

any part of the industrial process that is treated as a distinct element for the purposes of such design and organizational considerations as planning, accounting, and control. A production operation is characterized by stability in both the labor process and the equipment used by the operator. Distinctions are made between basic technological operations, auxiliary operations, and servicing operations.

Technological operations consist of purposeful changes in the form, size, and condition of raw materials or semifinished products, or in the structural, mechanical, physical, or other qualities of these materials and products. These changes are made with the instruments of labor in order to obtain the product of labor. Technological operations are part of the technological process of a production shop, section, or assembly line. They are carried out at a particular work position on a single object or on several simultaneously processed objects by a single worker or production brigade. Where production is automated, workers may either have no role in technological operations or they may function merely as observers.

Technological operations may be automatic or semiautomatic; they may be machine operations, combined hand-and-machine operations, or purely hand operations; they may also be done by special instruments. The component structure of a technological operation varies according to the exact nature of the technological process. The constituent elements of technological operations are positioning (ustanovka), cutting (perekhod), and passing (prokhod). Every change in position of the workpiece while the operation is being performed is called a reposition; each new surface produced by a tool constitutes a new cut. A cut that results in a single layer of material being removed is called a pass.

Production planning focuses on technological operations and on the allocation of equipment for these operations. Norms are set for the amount of labor, materials, energy, and equipment time to be expended on each technological operation. The labor of operators is rated and paid in terms of the technological operation performed, and in some cases quality control measures are applied to each technological operation.

Auxiliary operations are production operations involving the enterprise’s construction of the technical equipment and the instruments needed for the manufacturing process. These operations also include repairs to equipment, buildings, and other facilities. Servicing operations provide materials, semifinished products, and energy for the basic and auxiliary industrial processes. They also provide transport and inspection services, as well as laboratory testing and research.

One of the goals in organizing production is to combine all technological, auxiliary, and servicing operations in space and time in such a way that an even rhythm of production is assured, conditions are created for a high level of labor productivity, and the fixed and working capital of the enterprise are used as effectively as possible.

L. Ia. SHUKHGAL’TER

References in periodicals archive ?
The current production version of this system is INVENTIO I, the subject of procurement is only its technological maintenance (not application) to the start time INVENTIO II into production operation. Objects in the further development and subsequent maintenance INVENTIO II (technology and application) to ensure start production operation and subsequent maintenance and development of this system at the time of production.
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Now with the U.S.-China trade war ramping up, Pegatron is uncertain about the future sustainability of its production operation in Suzhou.
The pellets can then be re-used in the main production operation.
Its operations director, James Hooper said: "Zeon Chemical Limited (Sully) has been considering the discontinuation of its production operation and entered into consultation with its employees regarding this.
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The acceptance test included a 14-day availability test during which a select group of NERSC users were given full access to the Jacquard cluster to thoroughly test the entire system in production operation. Jacquard had a 99 percent availability uptime during the testing while users and scientists ran a variety of codes and jobs on the system.
Smith: In Smith, the court held that a given aluminum-producing cell was the appropriate unit of property, rather than the line of ceils in the aluminum production operation. Looking to the realities of smelting operations, the court determined that the only reality was that the individual cell was capable of producing aluminum, even if it was not connected to a cell line.
They said many investors in handglove industry may consider moving their production operation from the country.
At the end of the finishing cycle, parts are automatically separated from the media and can be removed via conveyor to the next production operation.
BFG's DCPD monomer production operation in Calvert City, Ky., and a Telene RIM molding plant in Elyria, Ohio, will become part of the venture.
Most manufacturing cost control software is designed to handle this type of manufacturer because of the manufacturer's ability to forecast and the repetitive nature of the production operation.

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