Professional Crime

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Crime, Professional


crimes committed by persons for whom criminally punishable acts are a permanent occupation and the primary source of money. Persons who engage in professional crime have the skills and means necessary for criminal activity and specialize in some particular type of crime, such as theft or swindling. Professional crime has its own psychology and customs.

Professional crime was fairly widespread in the USSR in the early 1930’s. The criminals came from among the non-working or déclassé elements of society, and the most common forms of professional crime were banditry, smuggling, burglary, speculation, swindling, and the buying of stolen goods. Professional crime as a social phenomenon has been eliminated.

In the capitalist countries, professional crime occupies a significant place in the structure of crime and shows a tendency to outstrip other types of crime. Associations of professional criminals, known as syndicates, are growing and becoming more influential. They are monopolizing various spheres of criminal business, such as the narcotics traffic, kidnapping for ransom, extortion, stealing works of art, smuggling, and operating dens of vice. The activities of the syndicates extend over an entire country or even a group of countries.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
White-Collar and Professional Crime. American Behavioral Scientist, 27(1), 109-128and te-Collar_Crimes_in_Ghana, assessed on 11-03-1.7
Although Trump has several times linked the issues of illegal immigration and drug smuggling as he tries to tighten border security, much of the drug trade is not carried out by migrants but by professional crime gangs that send narcotics to the United States in vehicles through official ports of entry.
The judge continued: "This was a well-prepared and professional crime.
Professional crime writer and lecturer Janes set out to unmask the killer and, having gained unprecedented access to the victim's case files, she reveals his likely identity in the book and shares her evidence here at this event with residents as well as local police.
Judge Adele Williams said the burglaries "bore the hallmarks" of professional crime. Jack Hever, 20, of Orpington, got three years; Freddie Friend, 17, of St Paul's Cray, and Shannon Kelynack, 19, of Orpington, were given two years; Harry Turner, 16, of Northfleet, got 18 months; Charlie Parker, 16, of Orpington, received 12 months; and a 16-year-old girl will be sentenced today.
The lord chief justice Lord Thomas said they deserved what they got for "professional crime of a high order".
The court heard that he had previous convictions for dishonesty and driving while disqualified and the Recorder of Bradford Judge Roger Thomas QC said the theft from the site on March 21 "smacked of professional crime".
This recent partnership with Prospect Genius is another way for these professional crime scene cleaners to make themselves more accessible in the event of an emergency; the goal is for local property owners to be able to easily locate Bio Restore 24 through a simple online search any hour of the day or night.
Judge Thomas Teague, QC, said: "This is involvement in professional crime and calls for a severe sentence."

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