a city (since 1937) under republic jurisdiction (ASSR), administrative center of Prokhladnyi Raion, Kabarda-Balkar ASSR. Located on the left bank of the Malka River (a tributary of the Terek) near the influx of the Baksan River. Junction for a railroad line to Mineral’nye Vody and two to Gudermes (via Mozdok and Groznyi). Population, 44,000 (1974).
Located in the city are a repair plant and the Kavkazkabel’ Plant, as well as enterprises producing bricks and tiles, reinforced concrete items, nonalcoholic beverages, juice, wine, canned goods, cheese, clothing, and furniture. Railroad and automobile transport enterprises are also located in Prokhladnyi. Nearby is the Terek Agricultural Technicum.