(redirected from Prokopios)
Also found in: Dictionary.


(prōkō`pēəs), d. 565?, Byzantine historian, b. Caesarea in Palestine. He accompanied BelisariusBelisarius
, c.505–565, Byzantine general under Justinian I. After helping to suppress (532) the dangerous Nika riot (see Blues and Greens), he defeated (533–34) the Vandals of Africa, and captured their king.
..... Click the link for more information.
 on his campaigns as his secretary, and later he commanded the imperial navy and served (562) as prefect of Constantinople. His education, high connections, and public offices give his histories great value as firsthand accounts. His chief works are generally known as Procopius' History of His Own Time, dealing mainly with the wars against the Goths, Vandals, and Persians, and as the Secret History of Procopius, which is largely a scandalous and often scurrilous court chronicle. His authorship of the Secret History has been questioned, but most scholars now agree that it is an authentic work of Procopius. He also wrote On Buildings, a work in six books describing buildings erected by Justinian throughout the empire. In his polished style Procopius imitated the historians of the Greek classical period. His descriptions of social and religious customs among the barbarians are very valuable, but his histories are marred by his violent personal prejudices, e.g., in favor of Belisarius and against Empress Theodora.


See study by J. A. S. Evans (1972) and A. Cameron (1985).



Born between 490 and 507; died after 562. Byzantine writer and adviser to Belisarius; a member of the senatorial aristocracy.

Procopius took part in campaigns against the Persians, Vandals, and Ostrogoths. He glorified Justinian I in his semiofficial works Wars (eight books), completed in 553 and based on personal impressions, and On the Buildings (553–555), a description of construction during Justinian’s reign. However, he also wrote a short work, Secret History (c. 550), directed against the emperor and his wife, Theodora.

Thucydides was Procopius’ literary model, but the Secret History departed from objective exposition and made extensive use of hyperbole. Procopius’ works are an important source for the history of Byzantium and its neighboring states during the late fifth and the sixth century, as well as for the history of Slavic incursions into the Balkans.


Opera omnia, vols. 1–4. Leipzig, 1962–64.
In Russian translation:
Voina s gotami. Introductory article by Z. V. Udal’tsova. Moscow, 1950.
“Tainaia istoriia.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1938, no. 4.
“O postroikakh.” Ibid., 1939, no.4.


Udal’tsova, Z. V. “Mirovozzrenie Prokopiia Kesariiskogo.” In the collection Vizantiiskii vremennik, vol. 31. Moscow, 1971.
Rubin, B. “Prokopios von Kaisareia.” In Realencyclopädie der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft, vol. 23, fase. [45]. Stuttgart, 1957.
Gantar, K. “Der betrogene Justinian.” Byzantinische Zeitschrift, 1963, vol. 56, part I.


?490--?562 ad, Byzantine historian, noted for his account of the wars of Justinian I against the Persians, Vandals, and Ostrogoths
References in periodicals archive ?
Prokopios Chatzakis, Giorgos Paradisis, Maria Maridaki, Eirini Zanni, Elias Zacharogiannis
More generally on the reception of Philostratus's imagines, see Braginskaya 1985, 26-7, emphasizing the breadth of his ancient readership: "Im Alterum wurde dieses Buch, wie wir wissen, von Libanios und Menander, Prokopios von Gaza und Photios, Eustathios und Michael Psellos, von den namenlosen Autoren der Scholien, den antiken Rhetoren und den byzantinischen Philologen gelesen" (26); cf.
ENJOY the privacy of a villa with the convenience of hotel service when you stay at this small resort above the beach at Agios Prokopios.
He finds that reactions varied greatly, often with little coherent or developed theology; some authors, like Prokopios, still embraced classicizing views of the epidemic's causes.
Goals from Virmantas Lemezis and Igors Morinas looked to have killed off Egaleo but a goal from Prokopios Saganas and two from Ioannis Skopelitis ensured the Greeks bowed out with their heads held high.
Tal es el caso de Prokopios, Focio, Psellos y la propia Ana Comneno.
Johannes von Gaza, Paulus Silentiarius und Prokopios von Gaza, Hildesheim--New York: Georg Olms.
To be held under the title of "Towards a Solid Alliance", the summit is organized under the auspices of President of the Hellenic Republic Prokopios Pavlopoulos.
He survived his two brothers Prokopios and Gregoris both of Worcester.
Leslie Brubaker re-interprets the accusations against Theodora in Prokopios's Secret History, and argues that Prokopios uses polemic against the Empress to buttress his negative picture of Justinian: her dominance underlines his lack of essential masculine (and hence imperial) virtues.
Prokopios Saganas pulled one back six minutes from time but the Greeks will now have to claim a convincing win on the road to advance in the competition.