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in the Soviet system of government, the organized promotion of leading workers and peasants to positions of leadership in state, economic, cooperative, trade-union, and other administrative and ruling bodies. On the eve of the October Revolution and in the first years of Soviet power, Lenin raised the question of involving the workers in state administration. This task was put on a practical basis in the resolutions of the Seventh, Ninth, Tenth, Eleventh, and Thirteenth Party Congresses, as well as the Decree of the Central Committee of the ACP (Bolshevik) of Mar. 7, 1927, “On the Tasks of the Party in Promoting Workers and Peasants to the State Administrative Bodies.”

The promotion policy directed by the Communist Party played a major role in breaking up the old state system and creating the new Soviet state organization as well as in forming the new Soviet intelligentsia and strengthening the dictatorship of the proletariat. The selection of persons to be promoted was carried out through the Party and trade unions with the participation of broad masses of the working people. Qualified workers and peasants were promoted to leadership positions. They lacked specialized education but had high class consciousness and experience in life, and they had demonstrated organizational abilities in socialist construction. The promotion policy was most highly developed in the period of building the economic foundation of socialism in the USSR (1921-32). Under the promotion system, by the end of the First Five-Year Plan the leadership cadres of the nation had been increased by 800,000-900,000 persons. The promotion policy began to decline as a system in the early 1930’s. It was gradually replaced by the planned training of specialists in various Soviet secondary and advanced educational institutions.


Lenin, V. I. “Ocherednye zadachi Sovetskoi vlasti.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 36.
Lenin, V. I. “Gosudarstvo rabochikh i partiinaia nedelia.” Ibid., vol. 39.
Sostav Rukovodiashchikh rabotnikov i spetsialistov Soiuza SSR, SSR. Moscow, 1936. Pages 392, 457.
Rabochii klass v upravlenii gosudarstvom (1926-1937 gg.). Moscow,. 1968.
Sovetskaia intelligentsiia (Istoriia formiroaniia i rosta, 1917-1965 gg.). Moscow, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
Ashfaq Mohammad Awan has been transferred from Hyderabad to Karachi (East) on promotion as Senior Civil Judge against the post lying vacant.
He can and will compare his record of accomplishments with ours to argue he is just as deserving of promotion and tenure as we are.
Fastabend has been nominated for promotion to the grade of major general.
The members of the 2000-01 College of Education Tenure and Promotion Committee represented each of the seven departments in the college.
In vivo studies with TNF[alpha] knockout mice showed TNF[alpha] is required for TPA-induced tumor promotion (30,31).
But critics see the move as a way for the chief to cut through civil service rules by paring out candidates who otherwise would be eligible for promotion.
Health promotion for people with disabilities is critical, yet a recent national conference on primary care and disability concluded that health promotion issues have been largely ignored by the health care community (National Invitation Conference on Primary Care and Disability, 1989).
The manufacturer pays based on a formula that incorporates coupons issued and redeemed, so the cost of the promotion is strongly linked to performance.
If more candidates registered passing scores than the number of promotion slots available, the top scorers would be selected for promotion.
The hosted model is also enabling ELK Promotions to increase salesperson flexibility.
ALADS, whose officials declined comment Thursday, sent out a memorandum to all its members on Wednesday accusing Baca of putting together the list of 37 names ``over the objections of the commanders and chiefs'' - high-ranking members of the department who are supposed to put together the recommended promotion list, under the court-approved system.
Vice President of Marketing for McCormick Distilling Vic Morrison said, "We are really excited about this promotion and our sales staff is reporting a keen interest from retailers.

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