Property Tax


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Property Tax

 

a type of direct tax on personal and real property. The property tax has been known since ancient Greece and Rome, where it was collected by the state and designated exclusively for military expenditures. During the period of feudalism the property tax became more systematic, and the property of craftsmen, artisans, and peasants was taxed. Noblemen and clergy were not included in the tax-paying estate and were freed from payment of the tax. The establishment of more flexible forms of taxation and the growth and differentiation of the objects of taxation led to replacement of the general property tax by separate taxes on buildings, land, and other types of property. With the development of capitalism, income tax replaced the property tax.

Property tax has been preserved as an independent tax in the United States, Great Britain, Canada, the Federal Republic of Germany, and a number of other countries. It is levied on the value of buildings, land, equipment, commercial and industrial facilities, and the like. Natural and legal persons who own or lease property pay the property tax. With rare exceptions, property tax rates are proportional. Even where there is a progressive rate of taxation, it is extremely small, which is very advantageous to the propertied classes.

The property tax goes to local budgets. In the United States in the mid-1960’s the property tax supplied about 88 percent of tax receipts in local budgets; in Great Britain, about 25 percent. Large landowners pass on the main burden of the property tax to the working people by including a significant part of the property tax in rent. The interests of property owners are protected in every possible way. Thus, in Great Britain, there is no tax on residential buildings not rented out or on buildings of religious organizations. Industrial, commercial, and transportation enterprises are usually subject to a favorable tax.

There was no property tax in tsarist Russia. After the October Revolution of 1917, a property tax was levied from 1922 to 1924 as part of a combined income-property tax in order to reinforce state regulation of the incomes of various segments of the population and limit the incomes of private entrepreneurs.

V. V. KUROCHKIN

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Excise Department Assistant Director Sajjad Hussain announced that the Punjab government had offered 5% concession on payment of property tax before December 31, 2018.
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This is the first time in over ten years the Village will not increase the pension portion of the property tax levy, which is used to provide retirement benefits including state mandated police & fire pension funds, social security taxes and non-union pension costs.
Other local entities are also able to offer property tax relief.
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The World bank team through a presentation said that the current collection of property tax in Sindh is Rs2 billion while there was a potential of Rs 7.2 billion.
After Illinois, the four states with the highest median property tax rates are New York (2.53 percent), New Hampshire (2.40 percent), New Jersey (2.37 percent) and Texas (2.17 percent).
In reality, however, the property tax is becoming further and further from these ideals because of its increasingly narrow focus, policies that create distortions to private decision making by favoring some land use types more than others and the administration of the tax is becoming less uniform and less fair.

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