proportional representation

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proportional representation:

see representationrepresentation,
in government, the term used to designate the means by which a whole population may participate in governing through the device of having a much smaller number of people act on their behalf.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Proportional Representation


in bourgeois electoral law, a means of determining the results of a vote, according to which the distribution of seats among parties that have nominated candidates for a representative body conforms with the number of votes received. Under proportional representation large electoral districts are established in which each party nominates its own slate of candidates and the voter casts his vote for a party’s slate. To determine the results of the vote, an electoral yardstick (or quota) is set, that is, a minimum number of votes needed to obtain one seat. The seats within a party’s slate are generally distributed in conformity with the order in which the candidates are listed; such a slate is termed a connected slate.

Proportional representation exists in Italy, Belgium, Finland, and elsewhere. In a number of countries, including Australia and India, a form of proportional representation called preferential voting is used in presidential elections.

In the bourgeois multiparty system, proportional representation is the most democratic way of determining the results of a vote, since the bodies elected in this manner are more representative in character. The Communist and workers’ parties of capitalist states make demands for proportional representation, but bourgeois states are reluctant to accept this, since they fear an increase in the number of workers’ representatives in elected bodies. Most bourgeois states use the majority system of representation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

proportional representation

Politics representation of parties in an elective body in proportion to the votes they win
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"We accept Lebanon as a single electoral district based on proportional representation. We accept Lebanon [divided] into governorates based on proportional representation.
The Orthodox proposal, which projects Lebanon as one single district based on proportional representation with each sect electing its own lawmakers, has triggered a nationwide controversy.
Hezbollah-affiliated MP Walid Sukkarieh told The Daily Star that he felt proportional representation would be ideal to give Lebanon an exit route from sectarianism.
Given that most won by few votes, and in light of the current polarisation, there was a distinct danger that proportional representation could see the FPM lose more than they bargained for.
In the principle of comprehensive reform, we do not object to debating proportional representation but we are against partial reform," he added in his remarks, which were published by AN NAHAR.
Prime Minister Najib Mikati has also come out in support of proportional representation as an electoral system, contending that it guarantees maximum representation.
"That's why electoral reformers should have held out for a referendum on real reform: proportional representation."
The Liberal Democrats would prefer Proportional Representation but regrettably it's not on offer.
On Tuesday, MPs can vote for an amendment calling for a referendum of the British people for introducing Proportional Representation to Westminster.
It also guarantees 15% of the MPs elected through proportional representation and 25% of the parliamentary seats to women who also will be elected through the proportional representation.
WITH the latest allegation of voting malpractice being fought out in the courts, it is surely time to consider, if not introduce, a method of true proportional representation - a system in which seats are allocated to parties based on their results as a proportion of the total votes cast - in local governmental elections.
18 over the rejection of their twin demands for abolition of the monarchy and declaration of a republic before the election and for the election to be held on the basis of full proportional representation.

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