proportional representation

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proportional representation:

see representationrepresentation,
in government, the term used to designate the means by which a whole population may participate in governing through the device of having a much smaller number of people act on their behalf.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Proportional Representation


in bourgeois electoral law, a means of determining the results of a vote, according to which the distribution of seats among parties that have nominated candidates for a representative body conforms with the number of votes received. Under proportional representation large electoral districts are established in which each party nominates its own slate of candidates and the voter casts his vote for a party’s slate. To determine the results of the vote, an electoral yardstick (or quota) is set, that is, a minimum number of votes needed to obtain one seat. The seats within a party’s slate are generally distributed in conformity with the order in which the candidates are listed; such a slate is termed a connected slate.

Proportional representation exists in Italy, Belgium, Finland, and elsewhere. In a number of countries, including Australia and India, a form of proportional representation called preferential voting is used in presidential elections.

In the bourgeois multiparty system, proportional representation is the most democratic way of determining the results of a vote, since the bodies elected in this manner are more representative in character. The Communist and workers’ parties of capitalist states make demands for proportional representation, but bourgeois states are reluctant to accept this, since they fear an increase in the number of workers’ representatives in elected bodies. Most bourgeois states use the majority system of representation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

proportional representation

Politics representation of parties in an elective body in proportion to the votes they win
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The combination of the proportional representation system and Internet fundraising makes it very hard to score a knockout in the modern presidential nominating procedure.
Last November, when they signed the comprehensive peace accord with Nepalese mainstream political parties, Maoist rebels to hold the constituent assembly election on the basis of a joint electoral system, meaning both the proportional representation system and the first-past-the-post system, for which the commission on Sunday also extended the deadline for submitting nomination papers.
Their leader, Nick Griffin, is attempting to sneak into mainstream Welsh politics by the back door by exploiting the proportional representation system.
An election will have three to nine winners elected through a proportional representation system. In addition to fundamental campaign finance reforms, we also need to rethink our voting methodology.
The Netherlands operates a pure national list proportional representation system to elect 27 MEPs, meaning his 20-strong team would need just four per cent of the vote to send him to Strasbourg.
He said: ``We would be interested at looking at the electoral system to make it the same as the likely proportional representation system for Scottish local government elections.''
Koso, who was elected through the proportional representation system, served as head of the Kinki Postal Administration Office before resigning from the then Posts and Telecommunications Ministry in July 1999 to run for electoral office.
Norway significantly increased the number of women elected when they changed to a proportional representation system.
Then, there's the proportional representation system. Each party publishes a list of its candidates.
The key agenda of the committee is, needlessly to say, how to readjust the number of seats now standing at 299 _ 264 from district constituencies and 35 under the proportional representation system.
The Federal Assembly shall be composed of 400 members, of which 60 percent are directly elected by district and 50 percent are elected by a proportional representation system of political parties.
Most of the women lawmakers, who were appointed under the proportional representation system in Nepal, have the impression that the party leadership does not value them as compare to those who are directly elected.

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