Propylene Oxide

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propylene oxide

[′prō·pə‚lēn ′äk‚sīd]
(organic chemistry)
C3H6O Colorless, flammable liquid, with etherlike aroma; soluble in water, alcohol, and ether; boils at 33.9°C; used as a solvent and fumigant, in lacquers, coatings, and plastics, and as a petrochemical intermediate.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Propylene Oxide


a colorless liquid with the structure

It has a melting point of –104.4°C, a boiling point of 34.5°-34.9°C, and a density of 0.859 g/cm3. Propylene oxide is miscible with water in the ratio (by volume) of 1:1.5 (20°C). Similar to ethylene oxide in chemical properties, it is prepared commercially from propylene by hypochlorination with subsequent alkali treatment or direct catalytic oxidation. Propylene oxide is used as a fumigant and as an intermediate in the synthesis of solvents, lubricants, hydraulic fluids, and emulsifiers. The polymers (polypropylene glycols) and copolymers of propylene oxide are used with glycerol, sorbitol, and other poly-hydric alcohols in the synthesis of polyurethanes. Certain ho-mopolymers and copolymers of propylene oxide are known as epoxy resins.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The report covers the present scenario and the growth prospects of the global propylene oxide market for 2016-2020.
Propylene oxide is used to produce propylene glycol, polyurethanes, and glycol ethers.
Scheduled to be operational in the second half of 2015, the plant is intended to supply hydrogen peroxide as a raw material for the manufacture of propylene oxide (PO) by Sadara at its integrated chemicals complex.
The new plant would use the hydrogen peroxide to propylene oxide (HPPO) jointly developed by Dow and BASF.
Initially, the Ras Tanura complex will include units for polyethylene, ethylene oxide and glycol, propylene oxide and glycol, chlor-alkali, vinyl chloride monomer, polyurethane components, epoxy resins, polycarbonate, amines, and glycol ethers.
As an integral part of the transaction, Bayer will acquire an equity interest in the production of propylene oxide (PO), a raw material for the manufacture of polyols.
Several types of specialty synthetic rubbers include Nipol nitrile rubber (NBR), Zetpol hydrogenated nitrile rubber (HNBR), Hytemp polyacrylate (ACM), Hydrin epichlorohydrin (ECO) and Parel propylene oxide polymer (PO).
The partners are committed to the polyurethanes, styrene, propylene oxide and derivatives sectors, and have access to leading technologies as major international suppliers.
Previously Shipp joined Dow in 1981 and has held several manufacturing positions, including vice president and site director of Dow's Louisiana Operations; global operations director of the Propylene Oxide and Glycols business; global business vice president for Dow Oxides & Glycols; business group president for Basic Chemicals and president - India, Middle East & Africa (IMEA).
Dow also completed a 40 kiloton per year expansion of its propylene oxide name-plate capacity in Stade in January 2007.