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in ancient Rome, lists of persons declared to be outlaws.
A reward was offered, even to a slave, for turning in or killing a proscribed person, while death was the punishment for concealing such a person. The property of a proscribed person was confiscated and his heirs were deprived of honorary rights and status. Devised by Sulla as a weapon of mass political terror (82–81 B.C.), proscriptiones were also utilized by Sulla’s close associates to settle personal scores and as a means of self-enrichment. The accession to power in 43 B.C. of the second Triumvirate (Octavian, Lepidus, and Antony) was marked by the publication of proscriptiones.