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(1) In the Greek theater of the classical era (fifth and fourth centuries B.C.), the wooden facade of the skene or a special decorative wall erected in front of it. In a tragedy, in which the action often took place in front of a palace or temple, the proskenion usually represented a roofed colonnade of such a building. In a comedy, it usually represented the facade of a dwelling.

(2) In the theater of the Hellenistic era (fourth through first centuries B.C.), the proskenion was a stone structure attached to the skene in the form of a colonnade or portico with a flat wooden roof. Plays were presented on this roof, and the word proskenion came to signify not just the structure but the acting space itself.


In the ancient Greek theater, a building before the skene; the earliest high Hellenistic stage; later, the front of the stage.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Proskenion was used as a stage background and it is thought that actors were also able to speak from its balconies.
As a result of their investigation, however, the Kumamoto University researcher proposed that the proskenion and skene were separate constructs, each with their own set of wheels, and that there is high possibility that each proskenion and skene was pulled in and out of the storage room on two stone rows respectively.
A large force would have been required to move stage equipment as large as the proskenion and skene," said Ryuichi Yoshitake, who led the research project.