Prostrate Plant

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Prostrate Plant

 

a plant with horizontal shoots close to the ground that may take root in the process of growth. The youngest parts of the shoots and their apical buds may be directed upward. Prostrate trees, which are usually called elfin-trees, include the Swiss mountain pine, dwarf stone pine, and savin. Prostrate forms include shrubs and undershrubs (polar willows, certain species of rhododendron, and bearberry). Herbaceous prostrate plants having rooted shoots are called creeping herbs, and those lacking rooted shoots are called decumbent herbs. Woody prostrate plants are adapted to severe soil and climatic conditions and are confined to subarctic, subantarctic, and alpine regions. Their position close to the ground gives them an advantage in heat regime and water supply and provides protection from drying winds. Prostrate trunks and limbs are longer lived than erect ones. Herbaceous prostrate plants, which are usually associated with shaded or excessively moist habitats, include the forest herbs wild ginger and common speedwell, as well as the meadow, swamp, and coastal herbs bent grass, moneywort, and creeping crowfoot.

T. I. SEREBRIAKOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Werner and Burton (1991) attributed these changes to the RRPS breeding method used to select increased forage production of space-plant populations which favored upright (smaller crown diameter) over prostrate plant growth habit.
A hardy, spreading prostrate plant with densely furnished blue-gray needles, its branches are pendulous at the tips.
N6201 was moderately lodging resistant and exhibited an average lodging score of 2.3, compared with Brim's score of 2.0 (a score of 1 indicates no lodging while 5 indicates a prostrate plant).
In North Carolina, N7101 is lodging susceptible, exhibiting an average lodging score of 3.9 compared with Cook's average score of 3.2 over two locations (a score of 1 indicates no lodging while 5 indicates a prostrate plant).
In North Carolina, N7102 is lodging susceptible, exhibiting an average lodging score of 3.7, compared with Cook's average score of 3.2 over two locations (a score of 1 indicates no lodging while 5 indicates a prostrate plant).
Their growth forms appear intermediate in comparison to the taller more upright or shorter more prostrate plant growth forms (Fig.
Tamrun 98 has a prostrate plant growth habit with leaflet size and shape, stem thickness, and leaf color similar to `Florunner' (1).
But, as Mr Boxshall points out, 'it's not surprising to an ecologist that if you are using a suite of local native plant species and you're creating a system that is dense, and taxonomically and structurally diverse (prostrate plants, ground covers, understorey and mid-level plants, and slower-growing, larger overstorey plants), it will be good habitat for a wide range of species.'
With prostrate plants, such as junipers or hebes, I like to lift the foliage and completely cut out some of the lower stems.
Avoid quick-growing prostrate plants such as aubrietas, helianthemums and alyssum as these need regular trimming.