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A large family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Proteales, notable for often having a large cluster of small or reduced flowers.



(protea), a family of dicotyledonous plants that includes shrubs, trees, and, less commonly, undershrubs. The evergreen leaves have no stipules and are mostly alternate and often leathery. The flowers, which are primarily bisexual and usually regular, are solitary or in inflorescences. The simple perianth consists of four petal-shaped leaflets, which frequently are adnate below. There are four stamens. The gynoeceum consists of one carpel. The fruits are follicles, nuts, samaras, or drupes.

There are approximately 1,400 species, making up about 60 genera. The plants grow primarily in the dry regions of the southern hemisphere. There are approximately 800 species in Australia and 380 in southern Africa. The largest genera are Grevillea (approximately 160 species), Hakea (more than 100 species), Protea (more than 110 species), and Leucadendron (approximately 70 species). The last genus includes the silver tree (L. argenteum), which is native to southern Africa and is noted for its dense silvery gray pubescence. Some species yield valuable wood, and others have edible seeds. A number of species are raised in greenhouses.


Hutchinson, J. The Genera of Flowering Plants, vol. 2. Oxford, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
Order Proteales, of which Grevillea in Proteaceae is a member) and Kingdom (e.
polycarpa cultural Eucalyptus alba -- Eucalyptus jenseni tools Eucalyptus miniata cultural Eucalyptus tetrodonta tools/ cultural Melaleuca cajuputi tools Melaleuca leucadendra tools Melaleuca viridiflora tools Syzygium suborbicularis food tools Nyctaginaceae Boerliaavia diffusa (2 forms) food Nymphaeaceae Nyinphaea gigantea food Opiliaceae Opilia amentacea food Portulacaceae Portulaca bicolor -- Proteaceae Banksia dentata food cultural Grevillea heliosperma -- Grevillea pteridifolia -- Persoonia falcata food Rhamnaceae Ziziphus oenoplia -- Rhizophoraceae Rhizophora stylosa tools Rubiaceae Borreria geeingwa -- Guettarda speciosa tools (?
SBML researchers are also shedding light on the potentially trade-restricting fungi of flowers of the family Proteaceae.
Collapse of an ant-plant mutualism: The Argentine ant (Iridomyrmex humilis) and myrmecochorous Proteaceae.
Family Name (Latin and Common): Proteaceae, the Protea family
Se vuelve cada vez mayor la distancia entre Africa y Sur America, ya se pueden reconocer varias familias (como Myrtaceae, Proteaceae y Fabaceae) y divergen cada vez mas las floras cuya evolucion sigue caminos independientes.
Family: Proteaceae (proteas, banksias, and grevilleas)
stricta high rain NRM Proteaceae (Family) Grevillea hueglii low rain NR1 Hakea dactyloides high rain BHD Sapindales (Order) Dodonaea attenuata low rain SWC Eriostemon australasius high rain BHD Legume (Superfamily) Acacia brachybotrya low rain NR4 Pultenaea daphnoides high rain BJ1 Senecio (Genus) S.
Hamamelid 1: Platanaceae, Proteaceae, Sabiaceae, Aizoaceae, Amaranthaceae, Cactaceae?
The Proteaceae family is a very large one, but the common choices for exotic flowers come from four main genera: Banksia, Leucodendron, Leucospermum, and Protea.
The Eastern Pygmy Possum is omnivorous, but feeds extensively on pollen and nectar from the families Proteaceae and Myrtaceae, especially from Banksia spp.