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in taxation: see tarifftariff,
tax on imported and, more rarely, exported goods. It is also called a customs duty. Tariffs may be distinguished from other taxes in that their predominant purpose is not financial but economic—not to increase a nation's revenue but to protect domestic industries
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; excise taxesexcise taxes,
governmental levies on specific goods produced and consumed inside a country. They differ from tariffs, which usually apply only to foreign-made goods, and from sales taxes, which typically apply to all commodities other than those specifically exempted.
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a category of ethics that expresses the moral task of a particular individual, group of individuals, class, or people under specific social conditions and situations, a task that for them becomes an internally acceptable obligation. In this respect duty differs from the more abstract concept of what is due or fitting, which encompasses all the demands made on people in the form of norms.

In the history of mankind’s moral consciousness, duty has been interpreted in different ways, according to social or class conceptions of man’s obligations at a particular period in history; it has always been connected with specific problems of a time and of a given society. The concept of duty has included the fulfillment of the “simplest rules of the community of man,” which had been developed in the course of history. The problem of the nature of duty has always given rise to disagreement among the various schools and trends of philosophical ethics. The foundations of duty have been connected with the interpretation of moral necessity—the fulfillment of divine commands, cosmic or supernatural laws, official or unofficial social precepts, or self-realization of the internal potential of the personality.

In Marxist ethics, moral duty is regarded as the concretization of general requirements of morality, which have a historical origin and which pertain to existing circumstances, conditions, and a person’s abilities and potentials. These requirements determine the conditions and degree of his responsibility and constitute his motives and conscience. Thus, duty expresses the moral specifics of the socio-ideological position of personality with respect to the existing social situation and to the conflict and disposition of class forces, as well as the moral specifics of internal convictions and the means of their realization.


Marx, K., and F. Engels. “Nemetskaia ideologiia.” Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 3, pp. 235-36.
Lenin, V. I. “Gosudarstvo i revoliutsiia.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 33, chap. 5.
Lenin, V. I. “Zadachi soiuzov molodezhi.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 41.
Arkhangel’skii, L. M. Kategorii marksistskoi etiki. Moscow, 1963.


What does it mean when you dream about duty?

To feel bound by duty in a dream may be a reflection of the dreamer’s past experiences in the military. If, however, the dreamer is overly concerned with duty in their dreams, perhaps compulsive behavior or control issues are posing problems.


1. a government tax, esp on imports
2. Brit
a. the quantity or intensity of work for which a machine is designed
b. a measure of the efficiency of a machine
References in periodicals archive ?
Prominent politicians in Virginia and South Carolina joined political economists such as Thomas Cooper and Thomas Dew to denounce protective tariffs on imported manufactured goods.
The developed world currently funnels more than US$300 billion a year into an array of farm subsidies, export credits and protective tariffs.
Echoing complaints made by carbon steelmakers that eventually resulted in the Section 201 protective tariffS, the SSINA says the North American industry needs help if it is to avoid mill shutdowns, job losses and a loss of market share.
The policy of development via import substitution, for example, was often associated with protective tariffs and subsidies for key industries.
With a crabbed combination of compulsive secrecy, protective tariffs, erosion of privacy, an expanded federal role in education, and the creation of a new cabinet-level agency, the Bush administration recalls the grimly alienating and ideology-free Nixon administration more than it does the sunny, confident Reagan legacy to which it lays claim.
Opposition groups in the Mexican legislature have pushed through protective tariffs on high fructose and certain pork products within the past few months and other such tariff increases will prevent sales of food products from the United States reaching their full potential.
This has made the company highly competitive on the world stage, allowing it profits despite a slump in the market and protective tariffs on both sides of Suez.
Unemployment fell, and protective tariffs were removed or reduced.
The evolution of the country's economic activity was anything but static; monetization of society, demographic changes, developments in manufacturing, and even a nineteenth-century information revolution profoundly impacted political ideologies and public policy preferences regarding internal improvements, the protective tariffs, and slavery among the states.
textile industry enjoys protective tariffs of 25 to 33.
Malaysia has made a special request that it be allowed to maintain protective tariffs on automobile imports until 2005.
Kania said Ford was disappointed with the decision by ASEAN economic ministers early this month to consider a Malaysian request to maintain protective tariffs on automobile imports until 2005.