In discussing families of cyclones, the first wave of a new series was jestingly called "Protesilaos
," the Homeric hero who returned from the dead.
CE (I assume a single figure named Philostratus) holds interest for those interested in fictional romance: the Lives of the Sophists (regarding the so-called Second Sophistic), The Life of Apollonius of Tyana, the wonder-worker who travelled throughout Greece, Asia Minor, India and elsewhere, and the Heroicus, the brilliantly bizarre account of a Phoenician merchant meeting a Greek vinedresser, who through contact with his patron, the thrice-born Protesilaos
, has remarkable access to the true story of what happened at Troy and its heroes.
It is clear that much of the description of events at the ceremony in the Aithiopika is drawn from Philostratos' account of the cult of Protesilaos
in the Troad in his Heroikos (esp.
When the young man arrived at this sanctuary (he sailed directly to Delphi for the trial of strength) he asked Protesilaos how he might overcome his rivals.
It is also interesting to note that a work dealing with the veneration of the Homeric hero Protesilaos would have that cult hero providing a pankratiast with the oracular advice that aided him in developing his signature move.
Scholars of religion, classics, language, and literature look at Protesilaos
as the witness of the heroes, strategies for the construction of culture, and Hellenes and foreigners.
The fighting around Protesilaos
' ship furnishes the most dramatic example:
(20) The closing story of last-to-leave Artayktes' punishment in Eastern Europe for sexual sacrilege is again tied to Protesilaos' first-to-arrive landing at Troy in Western Asia.
Boedeker, "Protesilaos and the End of Herodotus' Histories," ClAnt 7 (1988): 30-48, C.