Protestant Union


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Protestant Union,

in German history, an alliance of German Protestant leaders of cities and states, founded in 1608 for the avowed purpose of defending the lands, person, and rights of each individual member. Also known as the Evangelical League, it came into being after the Holy Roman emperor attempted (1607) to reestablish Roman Catholicism in DonauwörthDonauwörth
, town (1994 pop. 17,690), Bavaria, SW Germany, a port at the confluence of the Donau (Danube) and Wörnitz rivers. Its manufactures include machinery, airplanes, lace, and dolls. Historically a Swabian town, Donauwörth became (mid-13th cent.
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 and after a majority of the Reichstag, meeting in Augsburg, declared that renewal of the religious peace of 1555 (see Augsburg, Peace ofAugsburg, Peace of,
1555, temporary settlement within the Holy Roman Empire of the religious conflict arising from the Reformation. Each prince was to determine whether Lutheranism or Roman Catholicism was to prevail in his lands (cuius regio, eius religio).
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) should be conditional on the restoration of all church lands appropriated by the Protestant princes after 1552. A Catholic League, headed by Duke Maximilian IMaximilian I,
1573–1651, elector (1623–51) and duke (1597–1651) of Bavaria, one of the outstanding figures of the Thirty Years War and an ardent supporter of the Counter Reformation.
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 of Bavaria, was formed shortly afterward. The Protestant Union was weakened from the start by the absence of such powerful Protestant princes as the elector of Saxony, and it never operated very effectively. In 1621, three years after the outbreak of the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
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, the union went out of existence. In French history, the alliance (1573–74) of Huguenot cities, districts, and nobles in the Wars of Religion is also known as the Protestant Union.
References in periodicals archive ?
And secondly, he was not a skilled politician, being "paralyzed by indecision" (150) caused by the conflict between his traditional loyalty to his sovereign and his dream of a Protestant union of the three kingdoms.
From the early 1630s Hartlib was disseminating Andreae's ideas; looking for a patron for Antilia which soon became Societas Reformatum et Correspondence and supporting John Duty in his tireless efforts for the promotion of an irenical Protestant union.
45) In this spirit, the textile workers in Twente founded the interdenominational trade union Unitas as a federation of Catholic and Protestant unions in 1896.