Protocols of the Elders of Zion


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Protocols of the Elders of Zion,

a fraudulent document that reported the alleged proceedings of a conference of Jews in the late 19th cent., at which they discussed plans to overthrow Christianity through subversion and sabotage and to control the world. The Protocols first appeared in their entirety in Russia in 1905. They were widely disseminated in the 1920s and became a classic defense for anti-Semitism. First published in the United States in 1920, the Protocols were championed by Henry Ford in his newspaper, the Dearborn Independent, and cited throughout the 1930s by some anti-Roosevelt and fascist groups. As early as 1921, the English journalist Philip Graves exposed the similarity between the Protocols and a political satire by Maurice Joly, Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu (1864). Subsequent investigation showed the original document to be a forgery written by members of the Russian secret police.

Bibliography

See H. Bernstein, The Truth about the "Protocols of the Elders of Zion" (1935, repr. 1972); N. Cohn, Warrant for Genocide (1967, repr. 1970).

Protocols of the Elders of Zion

forged tract revealing Jewish conspiracy to control world. [Jew. Hist.: Wigoder, 170]

Protocols of the Elders of Zion

tract purporting to reveal a Jewish conspiracy to control the world. [Jew. Hist.: Wigoder, 170]
See: Forgery
References in periodicals archive ?
The Protocols of the Elders of Zion is a notorious anti-Semitic forgery which was concocted by the Russian secret police in 1903 which purports to reveal a secret Jewish plot to take over the world.
As an unabashed believer in Jewish conspiracies, Ford, whose newspaper in 1920 had brought the notorious Protocols of the Elders of Zion to American readers, identified Sapiro specifically as the spearhead of a Semitic attempt to take over American agriculture.
Perhaps the most surprising class Facebook failed to recognize were pages dedicated to the promotion of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion.
There are so many interesting conspiracy theories out there--from David Icke's contention that various world leaders, including Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (happy birthday, Ma'am), are shapeshifting reptilian aliens from the constellation Draco, to the faked moon landings, to The Protocols of the Elders of Zion --that I cannot possibly even scratch the surface.
Likewise given the fascination of Grafton's work on forgery, it would have been helpful to have read more about veracity and duplicity in print; for example it is an appalling fact that The Protocols of the Elders of Zion remains a best-seller.
But his life's work--his crowning achievement--is the creation of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion (1905), an incendiary text that allegedly reveals a Jewish plot to take over the world.
In Russia, it's a lot worse; "you just can't" talk about them because the very word conspiracy in Russian leaves no doubt in anybody's mind that what you're raving about is the universal Jewish plot of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion kind.
The Protocols of the Elders of Zion (a text that describes a reputed plan by Jews to dominate the world), FDR's foreknowledge of the attack on Pearl Harbor, the assassination of JFK, and the Bush administration's complicity in the bombings of September 11 are included, accompanied by all the presumed and preposterous details appurtenant to these catastrophic historic events.
All these books are variations of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, the Russian forgery first published in 1903, which Japanese came across after defeating the Czar's army in 1905.
Most of them held The Protocols of the Elders of Zion in higher regard than the Talmud--even worse, than the Old Testament.
The document they fabricated came to be known as the Protocols of the Elders of Zion and even today it still haunts the minds of Israel's Arab neighbors, millions of Muslims and non-Muslims in Asia as well as antisemites around the world.
The Christ-killer accusation continued to find life in the Dreyfus affair and the twentieth-century forgeries The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.