Protocols of the Elders of Zion


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Protocols of the Elders of Zion,

a fraudulent document that reported the alleged proceedings of a conference of Jews in the late 19th cent., at which they discussed plans to overthrow Christianity through subversion and sabotage and to control the world. The Protocols first appeared in their entirety in Russia in 1905. They were widely disseminated in the 1920s and became a classic defense for anti-Semitism. First published in the United States in 1920, the Protocols were championed by Henry Ford in his newspaper, the Dearborn Independent, and cited throughout the 1930s by some anti-Roosevelt and fascist groups. As early as 1921, the English journalist Philip Graves exposed the similarity between the Protocols and a political satire by Maurice Joly, Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu (1864). Subsequent investigation showed the original document to be a forgery written by members of the Russian secret police.

Bibliography

See H. Bernstein, The Truth about the "Protocols of the Elders of Zion" (1935, repr. 1972); N. Cohn, Warrant for Genocide (1967, repr. 1970).

Protocols of the Elders of Zion

forged tract revealing Jewish conspiracy to control world. [Jew. Hist.: Wigoder, 170]

Protocols of the Elders of Zion

tract purporting to reveal a Jewish conspiracy to control the world. [Jew. Hist.: Wigoder, 170]
See: Forgery
References in periodicals archive ?
And while a recommendation of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion would undoubtedly be treated as either a very bad joke or a hate crime, an anti-Israel book with anti-Jewish overtones might pass muster.
It was in the 1920s that Henry Ford printed and circulated thousands of copies of "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion," a fraudulent anti-Semitic manifesto that purported to describe a Jewish plan for world domination.
Most Egyptians apparently believe that the premises of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, displayed in an Egyptian TV series titled "A Horseman without a Horse" in 2002, are true.
Despite the fact that few Japanese had contact with Jews, Japanese intellectuals and the military in the post-World War I era supported the nefarious Russian-manufactured Protocols of the Elders of Zion that alleged a Jewish conspiracy to rule the world.
The document they fabricated came to be known as the Protocols of the Elders of Zion and even today it still haunts the minds of Israel's Arab neighbors, millions of Muslims and non-Muslims in Asia as well as antisemites around the world.
Both the Priory of Sion (the alleged historical proof of the Jesus-Mary connection) and the Protocols of the Elders of Zion (the notorious anti-Semitic document) were forgeries, the first from the 20th century and the latter from the late 19th century, intended to harm Catholicism and Judaism respectively.
Newspapers in the Middle East regularly publish anti-Semitic cartoons, while the Protocols Of The Elders Of Zion - a fake document claiming Jews are attempting to take over the world - is cited as factual in many Arab publications.
Tehran's state-controlled media quickly echoed their president's death wish against Israel and unveiled two new films that deny the Holocaust and validate the conspiracies of ``The Protocols of The Elders of Zion,'' a notorious anti-Semitic forgery.
Purportedly serious works about the Jewish threat, including Arabic editions of the notorious czarist forgery The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, are available in every book market.
Once part of Satan's grand conspiracy, always part of it: the Bavarian Illuminati and the Protocols of the Elders of Zion will never die.
Recent scholarship has raised serious questions about Hitler's "early infection" with Bayreuth Circle anti-Semitism and the Protocols of The Elders of Zion.
It was to remain the influential paranoid handbook until the appearance of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion in Paris in the 1890s, about the time of the Dreyfus affair.