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the religious understanding of history as the revelation of the will of god and the fulfillment of a predetermined divine plan for the “salvation” of man.

Providentialism is characteristic of all theistic religions, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The providentialist understanding of the historical process as the path leading to the eschatological “kingdom of god” was developed by Augustine. This view became the basis for all medieval Christian church historiography. In the 17th century the ideas of providentialism were developed by J. B. Bossuet in France.

Beginning with the Renaissance and particularly during the Enlightenment, the rationalistic view of history as an immanent process and as the realization of “natural law” and reason developed in opposition to providentialism. However, in the 19th and 20th centuries, providentialism continued to remain the philosophical basis for many idealist trends and schools—for example, in the early 19th century, J. M. de Maistre and F. von Schlegel; L. von Ranke and his school of historiography; and the philosophy of history of neo-Thomism.

References in periodicals archive ?
In fact, she argues, a sympathetic understanding of religious belief and practice underpins Hume's writing; Hume's own historiography can be interpreted as endorsing a kind of providentialism (of human progress).
Nevertheless one commonality is clearly evidenced which to my knowledge and searchings has never been expressed in either written or verbal commentaries, the strong belief in and articulation of providentialism that God intervenes in human affairs and is so manifested in histories.
The Fuller-Wayland debate captured all the confidence, complications, and contradictions inherent in providentialism, particularly as it existed at the intersection of religion and slavery in the mid-nineteenth century.
Placing emphasis on the personal actions guiding the events in Emilia's story, Muscetta notes that it is Giannotto's dignity, rather than divine inspiration, that enlightens Currado, thereby establishing a major difference between this tale and the providentialism often at work in the Filocolo (199).
This is not providentialism, nor Linnaean taxonomy.
This system mixed Christian Providentialism with Aristotle, as in Vincentio's words to Angelo, "There is a kind of character in thy life, which doth thy history fully unfold.
With all due respect to Professor Felix Konotey-Ahulu ("Charles Darwin and his apostles have got it all wrong," NA, Aug/ Sept), the quasi-rationalistic debate on "evolutionism" and "creationism" is not only naive; it is a throwback to i8th and 19th century providentialism and eschatological debates in Europe.
As Ernest demonstrates in Liberation Historiography, the antislavery and antiracist histories constructed by Brown and other first-generation African American historians were imbued with a providentialism that aligned their cause with God's plan.
This exaggerated Augustinian providentialism is, in short, relatively incompatible with a genuine fear of the devil.
He takes religion and religious sensibilities seriously and wisely does not overestimate the triumph of secularization, particularly in the case of Providentialism, when the prospect of indiscriminate divine wrath is a significant component of belief.
If so, he remains a far more minor voice against either play's providentialism than Edgar and Edmund, and Pericles overall seems more invested in determinism than Lear.
Indeed, in Rabelais and His World Bakhtin manifests, to a rather amazing degree, a rather radical and general anti-Christian spirit along with the major accusations against the whole "poisoning" of the Judeo-Christian tradition, which Bakhtin does not hesitate to call ideology: "The very contents of medieval ideology--asceticism, somber providentialism, sin, atonement, suffering .