Forster reaches beyond modernism to paradoxical effect, "only to re-formulate under the guise of Hindu mysticism a regression to providentialism
wherein a transcendental Being presides over narrative events and Nothing is left to chance" (109).
Only economic activity that exposed one to loss could be squared with the providentialism
that governed the period's ethics by equalizing opportunity--and failure.
a piece of unmitigated propaganda for retributive providentialism
," the catastrophe of which "hilariously parodies the by then rather tired dramatic convention" (89).
The historian Peter Lake, whose welcome trespass into literary studies in such works as The Antichrist's Lewd Hat; Protestants, Papists & Players in Post-Reformation England (2002) has demonstrated the value of interdisciplinary work, analyzes the relationship of political theory, late-Elizabeth political anxiety, and religious providentialism
in "Shakespeare's Julius Caesar and the search for a usable (Christian?
Bottum concludes that the speech's effort to "connect fact and value" was evidence of a natural-law influence--a sign of Catholicism's arrival as a governing philosophy--entirely missing its connection to the long tradition of American providentialism
that has been deeply grounded in its Protestant origins.
In fact, she argues, a sympathetic understanding of religious belief and practice underpins Hume's writing; Hume's own historiography can be interpreted as endorsing a kind of providentialism
(of human progress).
York thus wanted to stage a careful representation of the city as a necessary underprop to Henry's successful rule (which it undoubtedly was) while it needed to maintain a clear supporting role in a dramatic narrative of providentialism
and divine right.
But in fact the work exposes the contradiction between the world of honor and Christian providentialism
that undergirded the world slave trade.
Foreshadowing early modern providentialism
, pre-Socratic philosophy deduced divine sanction for human action in contemporary interspecies relations, as man's dominion over animals was considered natural and mutually sustainable between species and thus part of a divine scheme.
Given Pascal's decidedly Augustinian bent, it is reasonable to think that he would have sought a way to reconcile providentialism
with this model of present-centered temporality.
The primary features of Obenland's "conceptual map" of Hawthorne's providentialism
are "agnostic, secular, and dialogic" (36).
Nevertheless one commonality is clearly evidenced which to my knowledge and searchings has never been expressed in either written or verbal commentaries, the strong belief in and articulation of providentialism
that God intervenes in human affairs and is so manifested in histories.